isoprenoid


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isoprenoid

[‚ī·sə·′prē‚nȯid]
(organic chemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
Farnesol, an isoprenoid, improves metabolic abnormalities in mice via both PPARalpha-dependent and -independent pathways.
Steroids, a class of compounds of great importance in both plants and animals, are not isoprenoids but are derived directly from them.
Many organisms, including the parasite that causes malaria, make a class of molecules called isoprenoids, which play multiple roles in keeping organisms healthy, whether plants, animals or bacteria.
The latter are naturally endowed with abilities which make them ideal for this type of development; natural expression of certain isoprenoids and resistance to their toxicity, demonstrated capacity to render these bacteria "hyperproducers" of a specific product of interest.
The researchers have found that inhibiting isoprenoids prevents some immune cells from secreting inflammatory proteins and hampers other cells' ability to exacerbate existing inflammation.
Also, metabolic engineering could be performed to adjust the levels of substrate to affect the molecular weight, but care must be taken to not harm the plant through diversion of essential substrates to robber biosynthesis, because of the central importance of the isoprenoid pathway in plant growth and development.
coli could be further transformed to produce other isoprenoid chemicals: "A company could tweak the bacteria a bit, add any number of plant genes involved in the chemical of interest, and get pretty much any isoprenoid.
Limonene and lycopene are examples of isoprenoids that inhibit cancer.
We have identified a variety of inducers of differentiation and apoptosis in cancer cells, which include isoprenoid compounds such as geranylgeranylacetone (Sakai et al.
Particularly, the abundant dibenzothiophene series, including dibenzothiophene (DBT), methyldibenzothiophene (MDBT), dimethyldibenzothiophene (DMDBT) and trimethyldibenzothiophene (TMDBF), in marine oil and carbonates originates from the sulfocompounds of the high branched chain isoprenoid present in the strongly reducing environment (Fig.
Tocopherol has saturated pyhtyl tail and tocotrienol possesses an unsaturated isoprenoid side chain.
Several candidate root derived chemical signals are known but the isoprenoid compound abscisic acid (ABA; 5-(1-Hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxo-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3methyl-2,4-pentanedienoic acid) seems a particularly strong candidate as it is a known plant growth inhibitor.