Roundup contains 41% glyphosate as the isopropylamine
salt and polyoxyethyleneamine (POEA) 15% (23).
The mixture used in this experiment was isopropylamine
salt (Roundup Original[R]) 1.080 g a.e.
Toxicity studies in fertilized zebrafish eggs treated with N-methylamine, N,N-dimethylamine, 2-aminoethanol, isopropylamine
, aniline, N-methylaniline, N,N-dimethylaniline, quinone, chloroacetaldehyde, or cyclohexanol.
precursor of the street drug 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl isopropylamine
The reagents were isopropylamine
, epichlorohydrin, dodecyldimethylamine, hexane, acetone, absolute ethanol, and hydrochloric acid (mass fraction: 36%-38%).
Valdez Ramirez et al., "Comparison of the in vivo and in vitro genotoxicity of glyphosate isopropylamine
salt in three different organisms," Genetics and Molecular Biology, vol.
Glyphosate is usually formulated as an isopropylamine
Absorption and translocation of glyphosate isopropylamine
and trimethysulfonium salts in Abutilon theophrasti and Setaria faberi.
We purchased atrazine [2-chloro-4 (ethylamine)-6-(isopropylamine
)-s-triazine], 17[beta]-estradiol (E2), W-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl] -5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide dihydrochloride (H89), wortmannin (WM), and PD98059 (PD) from Sigma-Aldrich (Milan, Italy); AG1478 (AG) and 1-ieri-butyl-3-(4-chlorophenyl)1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (PP2) from Biomol Research Laboratories (DBA, Milan, Italy); ICI 182,780 (ICI) from Tocris Chemicals (Bristol, UK); and GF109203X (GFX) from Calbiochem (VWR International, Milan, Italy).
Glyphosate, chemically known as isopropylamine
salt of N--phosphonomethyl glycine, is a post-emergent herbicide widely used in several types of cultures (MODESTO & MARTINEZ, 2010a,b) and in South America this herbicide is one of the most widely used following the introduction of glyphosate-resistant transgenic soybean (Glycino max) (SOSO et al., 2007).
The toxicity of Roundup[R]360 SL formulation and its main constituents: glyphosate and isopropylamine
towards non-target water photoautotrophs.