isotherm


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isotherm,

line drawn on a map of a particular region of the earth's surface connecting points of equal temperature; each point reflects one temperature reading or an average of several readings over a period of time. The relative spacing of the isothermal lines indicates a temperature gradient, i.e., the amount of temperature change over a given distance.

Isotherm

 

an isogram of the temperature of air, water, or soil. Most commonly drawn are isothermal maps showing mean monthly air temperature over a number of years, mean temperature for any period of time, or the temperature at a definite moment of time. To eliminate the influence of elevation when drawing isotherms, temperature values are sometimes reduced to sea level, assuming that air temperature drops an average of 0.6 °C for each 100 m of increase in elevation.


Isotherm

 

a line on a phase diagram depicting a process occurring at constant temperature (an isothermic process). The equation of the isotherm of an ideal gas is pV = const, where p is the pressure and V is the volume of the gas. For a real gas the equation of an isotherm has a more complex character and becomes the equation for the isotherm of an ideal gas only at low pressures or high temperatures. On a pV diagram, at the point of intersection of the isotherm and the adiabatic curve the latter is steeper than the isotherm. The isotherms of ferromagnets in J, H, coordinates, where J is the magnetization and H is the magnetic field intensity, have a similar character.

isotherm

[′ī·sə‚thərm]
(geophysics)
A line on a chart connecting all points of equal or constant temperature.
(thermodynamics)
A curve or formula showing the relationship between two variables, such as pressure and volume, when the temperature is held constant. Also known as isothermal.

isotherm

isothermclick for a larger image
The line on the weather chart joining places of equal temperature. These are normally drawn for even 5°C intervals. These lines are customarily indicated in red.

isotherm

1. a line on a map linking places of equal temperature
2. Physics a curve on a graph that connects points of equal temperature
References in periodicals archive ?
Ahmad, "Adsorption isotherm, kinetic modeling and mechanism of 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol on coconut husk-based activated carbon," Chemical Engineering Journal, vol.
The goodness of fit of GAB and BET was determined by testing the percentage root-mean-square error, RMSE, against the experimental isotherm data [32].
This variable can be calculated according to Equation 10 by plotting the sorption isotherms as ln ([a.sub.w]), at a specific moisture content, vs.
7 indicated linear plot thus obeying Langmuir isotherm that correspond to a saturated monolayer adsorption of the dye onto the homogeneous surface of NOAC.
The Langmuir isotherm is a special case of this model and can be derived by substituting a = 1.
The value of [R.sub.L] indicates the shape of the isotherm which is unfavourable ([R.sub.L] > 1), linear ([R.sub.L] = 1), favourable (0 < [R.sub.L] < 1), or irreversible ([R.sub.L] = 0).
This isotherm equation combines the characteristics of the Langmuir and Freundlich equations, thus showing a finite adsorption limit when the pressure is sufficiently high.
The Langmuir isotherm fits provided adequate representations of the P and DOC isotherms, with acceptable s.e.
This study aimed to analyze, by fitting mathematical models, the adsorption isotherms of acerola pulp powder obtained by spray-drying, and characterize the obtained powder as its hygroscopicity, caking, and solubility.
From Table 3, the correlation coefficient (R2) for Langmuir isotherm gave a good fit.
Data was linear for most of the samples and fitted well with Freundlich sorption Isotherm.