73 which occurred during fermentation was most likely the result of increased acetic acid as the concentrations of propionic acid, isobutyric acid, butyric acid, isovaleric acid
and valeric acid remained below 2.
The alfalfa hay/ grain diet produced significantly higher pH, acetic, propionic and isovaleric acid
concentrations when compared to the bromegrass hay diet.
When leucine is not used properly, it builds up as isovaleric acid
and other harmful substances in the blood and urine that are toxic or poisonous.
Due to the isovaleric acid
released on the decomposition of the valepotriates, a distinctive pungent odor is produced (Mills 2000, Culpeper 1826).
For juniper, isovaleric acid
was detected in the second replicate but not the first, while valeric acid was detected in the first but not the second.
Boldface designates the principal components Compound RI SPB-5 SW-10 Range, % Isovaleric acid
(MS) 840 1700 0-2.
During remission the goal of therapy is to prevent acute attacks of isovaleric acidemia by minimizing the accumulation of isovaleric acid
and 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid, as well as to prevent the depletion of carnitine stores.
Prior studies by others had awarded that distinction to steroids and isovaleric acid
Characterizing the antifungal effects of isovaleric acid
D Aliyu and Nwabueze (2007) synthesis and solution studies of coppor (11) valeric and isovaleric acid
hydrazide in aqueous, medium J.
On the base of pharmacological studies (19992009) for the standardization and quality control of herbal medicinal plants, we have developed recommendations concerning historical and traditional priority--technology of production of ecologically sound standards of raw materials and products of medicinal, aromatic, spicery and poisonous plants of our country : Foeniculum vulgate L--essential oils-3-5%, flvonoids -0,5%; Valeriana officinalis L--exstracted solids 27,8%, essential oils- 2%, isovaleric acid
0,91; Melissa officinalis L--essential oils 0,33%, vitamins C 150 mg%, carotene 7mg%; Carum carvi L--essential oils--7,2%; Thymus vulgaris L--essential oils 2,2%, Salvia officinalis L2,5%; Hyoscyamus niger L--alkaloids -0,5%;
Isovaleric acidemia (IVA)  (OMIM #243500) is caused by a defect in leucine catabolism due to deficiency of isovaleryl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase, leading to the accumulation of free isovaleric acid
, 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid, N-isovalerylglycine, and isovalerylcarnitine (C5).