jade

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jade,

common name for either of two minerals used as gems. The rarer variety of jade is jadeite, a sodium aluminum silicate, NaAl(SiO3)2, usually white or green in color; the green variety is the more valuable. The commoner and less costly variety of jade is nephrite, a calcium magnesium iron silicate of varying composition, white to dark green in color. Jade has been prized by the Chinese and Japanese, as well as by pre-Colombian Mesoamerican peoples, as the most precious of all gems. The Chinese in particular are known for the objets d'art they carve from it, and they traditionally associated it with the five cardinal virtues: charity, modesty, courage, justice, and wisdom; they also attributed healing powers to it. It was much used for implements by ancient peoples, especially in Mexico, Switzerland, France, Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, and New Zealand. Jadeite is found in upper Myanmar, in Japan, and in Guatemala; nephrite in New Zealand, Turkistan, Siberia, China, Silesia, Wyoming, California, and British Columbia.

Bibliography

See S. C. Nott, Chinese Jade throughout the Ages (2d ed. 1962); R. Gump, Jade (1962); J. M. Hartman, Chinese Jade of Five Centuries (1969, repr. 1987); G. Wills, Jade of the East (1972); A. Levy and C. Scott-Clark, The Stone of Heaven (2002).

jade

[jād]
(mineralogy)
A hard, compact, dark-green or greenish-white gemstone composed of either jadeite or nephrite. Also known as jadestone.

jade

1
a. a semiprecious stone consisting of either jadeite or nephrite. It varies in colour from white to green and is used for making ornaments and jewellery
b. (as modifier): jade ornaments

jade

2
an old overworked horse; nag; hack

JADE

(1)

Jade

(2)
U Washington, late 80's. A strongly-typed language, object-oriented but without classes. For type research. The compiler output is Smalltalk. [Submitter claimed that Jade has exactly one user!]

Jade

(3)
Implicit coarse-grained concurrency. The constructs 'with', 'withonly' and 'without' create tasks with specified side effects to shared data objects. Implemented as a C preprocessor. "Coarse-Grain Parallel Programming in Jade", M.S. Lam et al, SIGPLAN Notices 26(7):94-105 (Jul 1991).
References in classic literature ?
What delight for the jaded senses of the reader is this enchanted domain of wonder-pieces
A little rest for the jaded animal being desirable, he did not hasten his search for landmarks.
But what principally struck us was a jaded and unhealthy-looking though by no means plain girl at the writing-table, who sat biting the feather of her pen and staring at us.
My spirits are quite jaded with listening to his nonsense: and then, being such a smart young fellow, I saw every eye was upon us.
If thou fill thy brain with Boston and New York, with fashion and covetousness, and wilt stimulate thy jaded senses with wine and French coffee, thou shalt find no radiance of wisdom in the lonely waste of the pinewoods.
The summer came, breathless and sultry, and even at night there was no coolness to rest one's jaded nerves.
The hounds of that ardent young sportsman Rostov had not merely reached hard winter condition, but were so jaded that at a meeting of the huntsmen it was decided to give them a three days' rest and then, on the sixteenth of September, to go on a distant expedition, starting from the oak grove where there was an undisturbed litter of wolf cubs.
I had no sorrows, and the world was very bright, so I could not guess that what these men sought was forgetfulness of jaded toil and stale grief.
That same afternoon, the massive gray square tower of an old Cathedral rises before the sight of a jaded traveller.