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pejorative term applied to speech or writing that is considered meaningless, unintelligible, or ugly. In one sense the term is applied to the special language of a profession, which may be unnecessarily complicated, e.g., "medical jargon." Jargon can also mean clumsy language that is hard to understand, synonymous with gibberish or gobbledygook, or a mixture of languages that serves different people (see lingua francalingua franca
, an auxiliary language, generally of a hybrid and partially developed nature, that is employed over an extensive area by people speaking different and mutually unintelligible tongues in order to communicate with one another.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a social dialect. Jargon is distinguished from conventional spoken language by a special vocabulary and expressive phrasing, but it does not have its own phonetic and grammatical system. It develops within more or less closed groups—for example, schoolchildren, college students, servicemen, and various professional circles. Jargons should not be confused with occupational dialects, which are characterized by the well-developed and concise terminology of a trade or occupation, or with thieves’ cant, the language of the declassed, criminal elements of society. Jargons are lexically and stylistically heterogeneous, distinguished by the instability and quick changes in current usage. For instance, “to disappear” was expressed by the verb stushevat’sia in the middle of the 19th century, and by smyt’sia, and then sliniat’ and vytsvest’ in the 20th century.

Jargons have found their way into fiction to illustrate the protagonists’ speech characteristics. Besides jargons arising on the basis of general language, there are jargons that appear as a result of communication among a polylingual population in border regions or conglomerate areas such as seaports.


Zhirmunskii, V. M. “Problemy sotsial’noi dialektologii.” Iv. AN SSSR: Seriia literatury i iazyka, 1964, vol. 23, issue 2.
Skvortsov, L. I. “Ob otsenkakh iazyka molodezhi.” Voprosy kul’tury rechi, 1964, issue 5. (Bibliography.)
Kostisinskii, K. “Sushchestvuet li problema zhargona?” Voprosy literatury, 1968, no. 5.
Shveitser, A. D. “Nekotorye aktual’nye problemy sotsiolingvistiki.” Inostrannye iaiyki v shkole, 1969, no. 3. (Bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, jargoon
Mineralogy rare a golden yellow, smoky, or colourless variety of zircon
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


The specialized spoken language of an industry or profession. The high-tech world is naturally loaded with jargon. Contrast with "slang," which refers to words used as alternates to other words or that are used in certain venues only. See syntax.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Three out of four of those questioned believed job adverts could be "deliberately ambiguous", while three out of five would not apply for a job if they could not understand the jargon.
Techie workers seem to know the least jargon as two-thirds admit they don't know what's being talked about in meetings - who can blame them when they have to contend with things like a 'recursive pyramid algorithm'?
As you read through the articles in this issue, try to spot jargon. The "rule of thumb" (jargon that originated before rulers were commonplace) is that, if you are not certain whether or not a term is jargon, then it is probably jargon.
Similarly, NFL is becoming very popular in Britain and some of the terminology and jargon used in American football matches would be absolutely baffling to a newcomer, but that doesn't lessen the appeal; quite the opposite, in fact.
A female manager added: "It's always men that come up with these pointless sayings, you hardly ever hear a woman come up with these completely random pieces of jargon.
Startup Jargon Flashcards launched on Kickstarter this week.
All current Jargon Technologies employees will be retained as Giant Interactive employees, and Jargon will continue to provide license and support for Indigo, an authoring system for Ultra HD Blu-ray independently.
The NPA spokesperson claimed that the management of Jargon construction firm did not heed to their demand for revolutionary taxes despite the letter they had sent to the owner.
From everyday deal terms to esoteric phrases such as "frustrating action" and "Texas shoot-out clause," the app is a comprehensive interactive glossary of M&A jargon, including acronyms regularly used to describe key government regulations, slang phrases adopted by professionals in the corporate M&A and private equity arenas and other oft-used ancillary legal phrases and definitions.
New app provides glossary of over 1500 legal and regulatory terms, slang and other jargon covering corporate M&A and private equity
London, January 23 ( ANI ): Compared to comprehending the latest tech jargon - or technobabble - most adults find understanding foreign languages a relative doddle, researchers say.