jatropha


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

jatropha

(jă`trəfə), any plant of a widely distributed genus (Japtropha) of perennial herbs, shrubs, and trees in the family Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), native to tropical areas of the Western Hemisphere. Many of the plants in the genus contain poisonous compounds. J. curcas, also known as Barbados nut or physic nut, is a drought-resistant bush that produces seeds with a high oil content. It has been hybridized to increase the oil content of the seeds. The extracted oil be used as lamp oil or made into soap, and can be refined into low-carbon biodiesel and jet fuel. Although it was promoted as a source of biodiesel that could be grown in poor soils and dry regions where food crops would not thrive, current varieties will not produce sufficient quantities of seed when grown under more marginal conditions to be viable economically as a commercial agricultural product. J. curcas also being explored as a means for extracting carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
He also talked about the problems associated with jatropha and shared that the crop started showing problems in the third year of its cultivation and required as much attention as other plants to yield fruits that could be used for energy.
The physicochemical properties such as specific gravity, refractive index, free fatty acids, acid value, iodine value, peroxide value, and saponification number of Jatropha oil were made following standard methods of AOCS (AOCS, 1997).
Jatropha (Jatropha curcas (L.)) is a biofuel crop planted worldwide in tropical climates to produce biodiesel and, secondarily, other products such as soap (Achten et al., 2008; Henning 2008; Gbemavo, 2014).
Table-2: Proximate composition and Anti-nutritional Factors present in defatted and fatted Jatropha curcas seed meal
Taking into account the richness of the genus Jatropha in the Tehuacan-Cuicatlan Biosphere Reserve, Mexico (Hernandez-Nicolas, Cordova-Tellez, Romero-Manzanares, Jimenez-Ramirez, Lobato-Ortiz, & Sanchez-Cuevas, 2015), and the potential use of the chemical composition of seeds, in this study we surveyed the traditional forms of use of the species, and analyzed the chemical composition of the Jatropha seeds.
Figure 2 shows that there is a difference in contact angle between jatropha curcas oil, sunflower oil, and coconut oil, due to the different fatty acid compositions.
It was, therefore, the aim of this study to determine the effect of heat treated Jatropha seed cake supplemented diets on some haematological and biochemical parameters of growing Japanese quails.
curcas seeds contain a toxalbumin, curcin, which is 1 000 times less toxic than ricin found in Jatropha multifida seeds.