jeopardy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Wikipedia.
Related to jeopardy: Wheel of fortune

jeopardy,

in law, condition of a person charged with a crime and thus in danger of punishment. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
..... Click the link for more information.
 a defendant could be exposed to jeopardy for the same offense only once; exposing a person twice is known as double jeopardy. Double jeopardy is prohibited in federal and state courts by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The concept refers to an offense, not to an act giving rise to an offense; therefore, it is possible to try a person for multiple violations arising from a single act (e.g., assault, attempted murder, and carrying a deadly weapon). Jeopardy does not exist until the juryjury,
body convened to make decisions of fact in legal proceedings. Development of the Modern Jury

Historians do not agree on the origin of the English jury.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is sworn in, or, if there is no jury, until evidence is introduced. The prohibition of double jeopardy does not preclude a second trial if the first court lacked jurisdiction (authority), if there was error in the proceedings, or if the jury could not reach a verdict. Additionally, an offense is potentially subject to separate prosecutions in federal and state courts. A similar principle, known as res judicata, operates in civil suits. It holds that once a civil case has been finally decided on the merits the same parties can not litigate it again. In England and Wales, revisions to criminal law that took effect in 2005 now permit the Court of Appeal to order a person acquitted of a crime to be retried if there is "new and compelling" evidence.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

jeopardy

Law danger of being convicted and punished for a criminal offence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
"An Assassin is not in jeopardy when tried in California."
Manson Mingott had become known--her cynicism was held to exceed his; and she had not the excuse--nor her detractors the satisfaction-- of pleading that she was "a foreigner." It was some comfort (to those whose securities were not in jeopardy) to be able to remind themselves that Beaufort WAS; but, after all, if a Dallas of South Carolina took his view of the case, and glibly talked of his soon being "on his feet again," the argument lost its edge, and there was nothing to do but to accept this awful evidence of the indissolubility of marriage.
This was a stumbling-block; for if they were discovered and released, they could, by the testimony they had it in their power to give, place him in a situation of great jeopardy; and to set them at liberty, first extorting from them an oath of secrecy and silence, was a thing not to be thought of.
Virginia, a defendant who voluntarily requested to sever and continue one of the charges against him for strategic reasons could not prevail on his claim that the second trial violated double jeopardy principles, either constitutional or statutory.
Following that, the math jeopardy and visual arts competitions took place.
Last I checked, Jews enjoy question-asking (Passover) and questioning (see: life), which makes Jeopardy! feel like a part of the familythat kosher portion of the media diet.
Susan Cole, a librarian in Maryland's Department of Legislative Services, recently competed on TV's "Jeopardy!" When host Alex Trebeck asked what her favorite style of music was, she described nerdcore as "really catchy and fun ...
WHEN double jeopardy laws changed, Ronnie and Andrew Coulter said they'd soon face retrials over Surjit's murder - and boasted they would beat the charges again.
If the IRS believes that the collection of an unassessed liability is in jeopardy, it may take steps to begin collection proceedings without following the normal assessment and collection procedures (see Internal Revenue Manual (IRM) [section] 5.17.15.1).
The platform famously won the US quiz show Jeopardy,