jeopardy


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Related to jeopardy: Wheel of fortune

jeopardy,

in law, condition of a person charged with a crime and thus in danger of punishment. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a defendant could be exposed to jeopardy for the same offense only once; exposing a person twice is known as double jeopardy. Double jeopardy is prohibited in federal and state courts by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The concept refers to an offense, not to an act giving rise to an offense; therefore, it is possible to try a person for multiple violations arising from a single act (e.g., assault, attempted murder, and carrying a deadly weapon). Jeopardy does not exist until the juryjury,
body convened to make decisions of fact in legal proceedings. Development of the Modern Jury

Historians do not agree on the origin of the English jury.
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 is sworn in, or, if there is no jury, until evidence is introduced. The prohibition of double jeopardy does not preclude a second trial if the first court lacked jurisdiction (authority), if there was error in the proceedings, or if the jury could not reach a verdict. A similar principle, known as res judicata, operates in civil suits. It holds that once a civil case has been finally decided on the merits the same parties can not litigate it again. In England and Wales, revisions to criminal law that took effect in 2005 now permit the Court of Appeal to order a person acquitted of a crime to be retried if there is "new and compelling" evidence.

jeopardy

Law danger of being convicted and punished for a criminal offence
References in periodicals archive ?
THE World's End murders is first case to be re-tried since the ancient double jeopardy law was overturned.
An examiner who believes that such a situation exists may consider pursuing a jeopardy or termination assessment under the Internal Revenue Code.
They interrogate American exceptionalism in the show, cognitive inequality, what trivia really has to do with knowledge, what having information at our finger-tips does to our memories, what makes Jeopardy a good game, the possibility of artificial intelligence, and more.
Machine and the Quest to Know Everything tells of an IBM computer that battled human champions in a match on the quiz show Jeopardy.
Similar puzzles plague the legal scholar seeking to discern the meaning of the Double Jeopardy Clause.
Watson, their IBM supercomputer nemesis, emerged from the Final Jeopardy round with $35,734.
6) Barred from re-indicting Dunlop for homicide by the historic common law prohibition on double jeopardy, (7) the Crown prosecution took the "unusual" step of charging him with perjury.
Jury's Silence on Theory of First-Degree Murder Not an Acquittal for Double Jeopardy Purposes--Commonwealth v.
The F word star branded it a "complete disgrace" that the future of British pig farming is in jeopardy.
Philbin was a guest on "Celebrity Jeopardy," in which famous contestants compete to win cash for their favorite charities.
Bob began as a stand-up comic with an obsolete engineering degree and some knowledge of the liberal arts: an unlikely candidate for becoming a top Jeopardy winner.
This is called double jeopardy and there are many families out there who feel they never got justice because of this rule.