jerboa


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jerboa

(jərbō`ə), name for the small, jumping rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the family Dipodidae, found in arid parts of Asia, N Africa, and SE Europe. Jerboas have extremely long hind feet and short forelegs; they always walk upright or hop like kangaroos. A jerboa can hop faster than a person can run, and a single leap may carry it more than 6 ft (1.8 m). Jerboas have long silky fur, buff colored above and pale below; members of most species have a black face mask and tail tuft. They have large eyes and long ears. The combined head and body length is between 2 and 8 in. (5–20 cm), depending on the species; the tail is usually somewhat longer than the body. When the animal sits, the tail is used as a prop. Solitary, nocturnal animals, with a low tolerance for heat, jerboas spend the day in individual burrows with plugged entrances. In the northern parts of their range they hibernate; some jerboas of the true deserts aestivate. They feed on plant matter, especially seeds, and insects. They do not drink, but survive on water obtained from food or produced by their own metabolism. The similar appearing kangaroo ratkangaroo rat,
small, jumping desert rodent, genus Dipodomys, related to the pocket mouse. There are about 20 kangaroo rat species, found throughout the arid regions of Mexico and the S and W United States.
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 and jumping mousejumping mouse,
rodent slightly larger than the common mouse, found in North America and N Asia, also called the kangaroo mouse. Its long hind legs and tail enable it to leap distances up to 12 ft (3.7 m). Jumping mice have gray to brown fur and are white underneath.
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 of North America are not of the same family as the jerboa. There are about 25 jerboa species, 22 of them in Asia. They are classified in 10 genera of the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Dipodidae.

jerboa

[jər ′bō·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for 25 species of rodents composing the family Dipodidae; all are adapted for jumping, having extremely long hindlegs and feet.

jerboa

any small nocturnal burrowing rodent of the family Dipodidae, inhabiting dry regions of Asia and N Africa, having pale sandy fur, large ears, and long hind legs specialized for jumping
References in periodicals archive ?
"I know a jerboa is different from a gerbil but it was the last question," she said.
Where "The Jerboa" discloses the historical world of necessity and scarcity only indirectly, "The Pangolin," stressing the word slaving, explores a seemingly absolute disjunction between labor as a means and the fading possibility of sweetness as an end in life....
Plasma antidiuretic hormone levels and kidney responsiveness to vasopressin in the jerboa, Jaculus orientalis.
With the selection of the new brand's logo, we contribute to consolidating the name of Sharjah in visitors' minds and introduce them to the Jerboa, which is one of the most prominent sights in the local desert environment, so as to help save this animal and protect it from the risk of extinction."
Those foxes can catch large amounts of prairie gerbil, Meriones unguiculatus, and jerboa [2].
What is the common name for the North African jerboa? 8.
The falling roof killed Lance Corporal Abdullah Jerboa's Al-Subaie and injured Lance Corporal Haitham Abdulrahman Ali Al-Ghamdi, who was later discharged from hospital.
This chapter unearths some wonderfully resonant points of articulation between 'No Swan So Fine', 'The Jerboa', 'Nine Nectarines and Other Porcelain', 'The Plumet Basilisk' and photographs and articles in The News, resulting in some skilful and original interpretations of these poems.
At several points, Hanson likens himself or another to the "winsome jerboa" or to the fennec, "that odd desert fox" who hunts him--"My ears are ...
Chairman of Sweida City Council Wael Jerboa said that the law helps create administrative units capable of planning and executing development strategies for local communities efficiently, adding that it lightens the work load for small administrative units that have low financial resources.