jig, dance of English origin that is performed also in Ireland and Scotland. It is usually a lively dance, performed by one or more persons, with quick and irregular steps. When the jig was introduced to the United States, it was often danced in minstrel shows. In instrumental music the gigue, the successor to the jig, was used by Bach and Handel in their suites.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
in machine building, a type of machine tool attachment used during the machining of holes on a drilling machine. The part being worked is located in or under the jig. Jig guide bushings determine the position of the cutting tool relative to the jig body and, consequently, relative to the part to be machined. The position of the hole axis of each bushing matches the position of the hole axis in the part, and the bushing hole diameter corresponds to the tool diameter. The use of a jig eliminates the marking operation, permits simultaneous machining of two or more holes, and increases labor productivity. The jig design depends on the dimensions, number, and positioning of holes and on the form and use (purpose) of the part. Parts and basic jig assemblies are standardized on a large scale in order to reduce jig manufacturing costs.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A machine for dyeing piece goods by moving the cloth at full width (open width) through the dye liquor on rollers.
A device used to position and hold parts for machining operations and to guide the cutting tool.
A vibrating device in which coal is cleaned and ore is concentrated in water.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
A device for guiding or holding a part or parts in correct mechanical alignment, either in the process of fabrication or in the final assembly of the parts.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. any of several old rustic kicking and leaping dances
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance, usually in six-eight time
3. a mechanical device designed to hold and locate a component during machining and to guide the cutting tool
4. Angling any of various spinning lures that wobble when drawn through the water
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005