Jimson weed


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Jimson weed

or

Jamestown weed,

large, coarse annual plant (Datura stramonium) of the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family), native to warm-temperate and tropical regions of the New World, but long widely distributed and often weedy. This and other species of the genus contain a narcotic poison, stramonium, similar to that of the related belladonna, that has been used by many peoples for various purposes, e.g., as a medicine (now chiefly inhaled for the relief of asthma or applied externally as a painkiller) and in the past as a poison and an instrument for obtaining prophetic dreams or messages in various tribes. The amusing antics of soldiers in colonial Virginia who ate Jimson weed have been recorded for history. Stramonium, comprised of several alkaloids (e.g., scopolaminescopolamine
or hyoscine
, alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane, Hyoscyamus niger. Structurally similar to the nerve substance acetylcholine, scopolamine acts by interfering with the transmission of nerve
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, atropineatropine
, alkaloid drug derived from belladonna and other plants of the family Solanaceae (nightshade family). Available either as the tincture or extract of belladonna, or as the pure substance atropine sulfate, it is a depressant of the parasympathetic nervous system.
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, and hyoscyamine), may also be obtained from some other species of Datura. Scopolamine is used as a sedative. Jimson weed is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Solanales, family Solanaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) exposures in Texas, 1998-2004.
Composition of jimson weed (Datura stramonium) seeds.
Active Plant ingredient Part Symptoms Hemp (Cannabis Tetrahydro Leaves, Hallucinations, sativa L.) cannabinol flowers confusion Jimson weed Indole Seed leaves Delirium, alkaloids convulsions, coma Nightshade Solanine Berries Delirium, alkaloids leaves convulsions, coma Water hemlock Cicutoxin, an Root, stem Convulsions, (Cicuta spp.) alcohol death White snake Tremetol, Leaves and Milk sickness, root an oil stems trembles, (Eupatorium liver failure, rugosum) death Table 14-8 Longevity of weed seeds buried in the soil.
Jimson Weed is in the category of plants that has anti-cholinergic effects; the effects are similar to those of the drug atropine.
High concentrations can be lethal, but in small doses jimson weed is used to treat asthma and muscle spasms.
"The evidence is unrefuted that the defendant, prior to selling the jimson weed to the victim, was told not to sell the weed since it made people sick and he clearly knew of its hallucinogenic effects," Rogers wrote in his decision.
David Hochoy, a former member of the Martha Graham Dance Company, and at the head of Dance Kaleidoscope since 1991, presented a repertory consisting solely of his own works: Jimson Weed; Girl at the Piano: Recording Sound; the "Summer" section of Seasons (set to Beatles songs); and a solo, For Martha.
But in the evening she seemed strangely pleased To discover that the three doves were still Taking their perches close together at the precise Moment the shadows of the jimson weed First touched their cage.
Pumpkins grow well when jimson weed, sometimes called thorn apple, is in the vicinity.
A dream song may come in natural sleep, but the first important song of this kind is likely to come during a fasting vigil or as a result of taking jimson weed, a drug.
In fact, the original name for the plant in the United States was Jamestown weed, later shortened to Jimson weed. Today it has many additional names including stink weed, angel's trumpet, loco weed, devil's trumpet, and thorn apple (Figure 1 and 2).
John's wort, gray-headed coneflower, blue vervain, white vervain, horseweed, oxeye, germander, teasel, fringed loosestrife, velvetleaf, wingstem, sundrops, small-flowered agrimony, bull thistle, tick trefoil, bush clover, burdock, showy and tall coneflower, Jimson weed, pigweed, thin-leafed mountain mint, tick trefoil, downy false foxglove, and three-seeded mercury.