Ricksha

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ricksha

 

(also rickshaw, jinrikisha), a light two-wheeled carriage drawn by a man between two shafts. The ricksha was patented in Japan in 1867 by J. Goble, an American. In the early 20th century rickshas came into wide use in East and South Asia. In the 1930’s the pedicab came into use; it consisted of a bicycle attached to the body of the ricksha, like a motorcycle with a sidecar.

The labor of ricksha drivers is exhausting, and the drivers’ mortality rate is high. These laborers are mercilessly exploited by the entrepreneurs who own the vehicles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I know of no boon conferred upon any foreign country by an American equal to the jinrikisha. It has given employment to thousands of men and greatly facilitated the means of locomotion.
After restrictions on mobility were removed in 1868, the advantages of the jinrikisha were apparent.
The convenience of the jinrikisha served to delay interest in self-propulsion.
A bicycle manual published in 1896 noted marked improvements (kairyo) in the quality and dependability of bicycles, producing four major advantages to be derived from their use: speed (bicycles were faster than horses and jinrikisha and on level roads were nearly as fast as a locomotive); health (bicycle riding provided excellent exercise, strengthening the body and clearing the mind); convenience and economy (bicycles allowed people to save time and money).
(16) People had begun the switch to self-propulsion, abandoning the jinrikisha in favour of the bicycle.
At that time there was no way to make the 8 km commute to school other than by foot or by jinrikisha. The father, himself a cyclist, sought to discourage Tamaki by requiring her to commute by bicycle and to marry the man of his choice.
Declaring the jinrikisha too expensive, he visited potential benefactors of the new university on his bicycle.