Joanna

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Joanna,

in the New Testament. 1 Wife of Herod's steward Chuza. She was a follower of Jesus and was one who found the tomb empty. 2 Ancestor of St. Joseph.

Joanna

(Joanna the Mad), 1479–1555, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1504–55), daughter of Ferdinand II and Isabella I. She succeeded to Castile and León at the death of her mother. Ferdinand II briefly assumed the regency until he was replaced by Joanna's ambitious husband, Philip IPhilip I
(Philip the Handsome), 1478–1506, Spanish king of Castile (1506), archduke of Austria, titular duke of Burgundy, son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy.
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. After Philip's death (1506), Ferdinand again assumed the rule, for Joanna had by this time become quite insane. At Ferdinand's death (1516) Joanna's elder son, Charles (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VCharles V,
1500–1558, Holy Roman emperor (1519–58) and, as Charles I, king of Spain (1516–56); son of Philip I and Joanna of Castile, grandson of Ferdinand II of Aragón, Isabella of Castile, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Mary of Burgundy.
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), was proclaimed joint ruler of Castile with his mother. Joanna spent the rest of her life in the castle of Tordesillas. The pretense that she was not actually insane was sometimes used by the discontented, including Juan de PadillaPadilla, Juan de
, c.1490–1521, Spanish revolutionary leader in the war of the comuneros [municipalities] against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Charles's conduct and his foreign advisers offended Spanish national feeling and led to a rising in Toledo under Padilla's
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, to justify revolts against the "foreign" ruler, Charles.

Bibliography

See T. Miller, The Castles and the Crown (1963).

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References in periodicals archive ?
JOANNA'S VERDICT: BOTH are fine to eat but opt for the low-fat option if you are watching your weight as it uses skimmed milk, has fewer calories and contains less than half the fat of the normal one.SUGAR NORMAL
Fat: 0g; Calories: 12 JOANNA SAYS: THE normal sugar is refined with no additives.
JOANNA SAYS: THE skimmed version cuts out the omega-3 essential fatty acid that is paramount for good health.
JOANNA'S VERDICT: GO for the normal variety.COLESLAW NORMAL Waitrose Coleslaw Salad, 250g/ Per 100g: Fat: 15g; Calories: 163 DIET Waitrose Perfectly Balanced Coleslaw, 250g/ Per 100g: Fat: 2.6g;
Calories: 55 JOANNA SAYS: THE lower-fat version needs lots of thickeners because the mayonnaise recipe has been altered substituting water and fromage frais for olive oil - yuck!
JOANNA'S VERDICT: THE full-fat version because it has fewer additives.CRISPS NORMAL Pringles Original, 200g - Per 25g portion/ Fat: 9.5g Calories: 139
DIET Pringles Light (33% Less Fat), 175g Per 25g portion/ Fat: 6.3g Calories: 123 JOANNA SAYS: BOTH contain maltodextrin, a chemical low in nutrients used to bulk out foods.
JOANNA'S VERDICT: FOR lower fat and calorie content go for the light version.MARGARINE NORMAL Flora Original, 250g Per 10g serving Fat:5.9g Calories:53 DIET Flora Light, 250g Per 10g serving Fat:1.9g Calories:18.5 JOANNASAYS: MARGARINEis a a concoction of oil, water and additives.
JOANNA'S VERDICT: The Flora just wins over the Flora Light as it has fewer additives listed.SOFT CHEESE NORMAL The Laughing Cow Cheese, 140g - Per 17.5g portion Fat: 4g Calories: 47 DIET The Laughing Cow Light Cheese, 140g Per 17.5g portion Fat: 1.2g Calories: 25
JOANNA SAYS: BOTH have artificial ingredients and added salt.
JOANNA'S VERDICT: THE full-fat is purer - that's what I'd go for...