Jongleur


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Jongleur

 

(1) A traveling comedian and musician of the early Middle Ages in France. The jongleur’s work derived from popular agricultural rites and folk games. The jongleurs were storytellers, singers, and musicians; they performed tricks and acted in improvised scenes, expressing the people’s freedom-loving spirit. In the llth century, the jongleurs became professional performers and concentrated in cities; in the 13th century they began to form “brotherhoods” (a type of professional organization) in some countries.

For a long time the jongleurs were the only bearers of secular musical culture and also the only professionals in the area of instrumental music. Jongleurs were also called histrios. They were similar to the German Spielmanne and the Russian skomorokhi. The jongleurs who accompanied the trouveres and troubadours were called minstrels.

(2) The Russian wordzhongler is also used for juggler, the circus performer who tosses up and catches several objects at the same time.

References in periodicals archive ?
KAREN BAYLEY, SMUG ROBERTS, DANA ALEXANDER, SEAN PCIVAL: Jongleurs Comedy Club, Birmingham.
The Milton Keynesbased group have also been running more student nights and live DJs and acts to refresh their appeal and plan to open more Jongleurs nights and WooWoo bars in the coming months.
The Milton Keynes-based group has also been running more student nights and live DJs and acts to refresh its appeal and plans to open five more Jongleurs nights and four more Woo-Woo bars in coming months.
It means there will be 11 Jongleurs venues across the country by the end of the year, with plans for further rollouts extending into 2011.
The move means there will be 11 Jongleurs clubs around the UK by the end of 2010, with plans for further rollouts in 2011.
THURSDAY Jongleurs Comedy Club, Edinburgh Celebrate New Year with Stu Who?
Kempinska and Davy have the last laugh, as it means they can use the Jongleurs name again.
With a world class comedy line-up, a fantastic range of food and drink and friendly table service, Jongleurs has it all under one roof.
After 20 years of launching some of the biggest names in comedy, such as Rory Bremner, Harry Enfield and Graham Norton, Jongleurs has become one of the most popular Christmas party venues in Britain.
Bliss became the latest casualty in Birmingham's entertainment district, forcing comedy club Jongleurs, housed in the building's basement, to also shut temporarily.
Dewsbury Town Hall will host Jongleurs on the following 2012 dates: Thursday, March 15, Thursday, May 10, and Friday, October 19.