Juneberry


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Juneberry:

see shadbushshadbush,
 Juneberry,
or serviceberry,
any species of the genus Amelanchier of the family Rosaceae (rose family), chiefly North American shrubs or trees conspicuous in the early spring for their white blossoms.
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juneberry

juneberry

Small shrubby tree up to 24 ft (8m) with berries that look and taste very much like blueberries. Lewis and Clark lived off juneberries when they travelled across and discovered America. Already ripe in the spring. They require no care to grow. Taste best fresh and raw. Leaves look like apple leaves. Small white apple-like 5-petal flowers that look like little white airplane propellers.

Juneberry

 

(Amelanchier), a plant genus of the family Rosa-ceae. The Juneberry is a shrub or small tree, with deciduous round or oval leaves that are dark green on top, light green on the bottom, and dark or yellowish red in autumn. The flowers are white or cream-colored and are gathered into corymb-like racemes at the end of the shoots. The fruit is round and blue-black or reddish violet, with a diameter of up to 10 mm; it is sweet and edible, ripening in July. The Juneberry can grow in almost any soil.

Approximately 25 species are known in North America, North Africa, Western Europe, the Caucasus, and the Crimea. The most widely known species is Amelanchier rotundifolia, which is cultivated for its fruit and nectar and as a decorative plant. Juneberries are reproduced by sowing seeds, grafting roots, and dividing the shrub. A. canadensis is also cultivated; it has greater frost resistance than A. rotundifera.

References in periodicals archive ?
In summer Juneberry, quaking aspen, and mountain ash comprised different portions of the diet on all 4 path types in summer (Kruskal-Wallis, [H.sub.3] > 8.1, P < 0.045; Table 5).
In June, this tree is covered with small, applelike fruit; hence, the name juneberry. Tasty, the berries are eaten by a variety of wildlife species, including songbirds, mourning doves, wild turkeys, skunks, raccoons, fox, squirrels and black bears.
The influence of the oral tradition and nationalism is seen also in the numerous works of Jacques Ferron (1921- ); L'amelanchier (1970; The Juneberry Tree) recaptures a vision of childhood.
Serviceberry, also known in this area as Shadblow, Shadbush, or Juneberry, is a member of the genus Amelanchier.
Other flowering shrubs that tolerate shade are rhododendrons, azaleas, juneberry (Amelanchier canadensis), viburnums and dogwood.
Our current plantings in these levels include three plums, six apples, three kaki (Oriental) persimmons, one American persimmon, one quince, one medlar, five European pears, two Asian pears, three paw paws, four cherries, a juneberry, three mulberries, several elderberries, three gooseberries, two currants, two bush cherries, two Nanking cherries (one each of white and red), two jujube, and one each (melon tree).
Ripening in late June, juneberry fruits resemble blueberries, to which they are often compared.
Bare rock and thin soils with heavily browsed shrubs, mostly juneberry (Amelanchier), in the foreground result from intense soil erosion following the fire.
Some gardeners plant potatoes when flowers appear on the Shadbush (also known as Serviceberry and Juneberry), Saskatoon, Sugarplum or wild plum.
Saskatoons derive their appellation from the Cree Indian name "missaskquatoomin." Also called service berry, shad-berry, juneberry, and sometimes saskatoon blueberry, they grow wild and are one of the 13 species found in Canada of the genus amelanchier.
Persimmon, pawpaw, juneberry, gooseberry, and red currant are examples of uncommon, yet delectable fruits.