justice of the peace

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justice of the peace,

official presiding over a type of police courtpolice court,
court with jurisdiction limited to minor offenses, chiefly the least grave misdemeanors and breaches of municipal ordinances. In practice the trial is usually held before a judge sitting without a jury.
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. In some states of the United States the justices, who are usually elected, have jurisdiction over petty civil and criminal cases as well as having such duties as the issuing of search warrants and the performance of marriage services. The justice of the peace was formerly of greater importance than he is at present. The establishment of the office throughout England in 1360 represented a further extension of royal authority to local government, especially to rural areas. The justices, selected from the gentry, enjoyed extensive administrative and police authority, and they had judicial power over most crimes. The office was established also in the American colonies, but by the latter part of the 19th cent. it had been relegated to a much less central role, especially in administrative areas, in both England and the United States.
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justice of the peace

1. (in Britain) a lay magistrate, appointed by the crown or acting ex officio, whose function is to preserve the peace in his area, try summarily such cases as are within his jurisdiction, and perform miscellaneous administrative duties
2. (in Australia and New Zealand) a person authorised to administer oaths, attest instruments, and take declarations
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While Section 515(4) of the Criminal Code (1985) outlines the release conditions a justice of the peace can give to an accused, they also have the discretionary power to order any added conditions they deem necessary, as per Section 515(4)(f).
(82) In the 1689 edition of his Justice of the Peace manual, Joseph Keble offered a lucid account of why armed travel violated the King's peace irrespective of any specific malicious intent:
new President to treat all of the justice of the peace appointments as
Last year, the former justice of the peace was convicted of stealing computer equipment from a county building in 2011.
The history of this reputable title Justice of the Peace goes as far back as 12th century.
Becoming a Justice of the Peace may be an important social function but it's not an honour in the manner of an OBE or an MBE.
Having married (before a Justice of the Peace), I lived with an unconscionable conscience for nine years until, thanks be to God and my then pastor, Father Calandra of the Scalabrini Fathers of St.
On June 24, a justice of the peace signed a warrant for Hill's arrest.
A magistrate is also called a Justice of the Peace. They deal with almost 97% of all criminal cases.
In addition to his work in the state's entertainment industry; Porter was a four-term Pulaski County justice of the peace.
Peoria Justice of the Peace Lex Anderson barred the student from having any contact with Moore.
"We'll get the justice of the peace thing, but then we'd be honored to have you officiate in our living room, with a few friends.

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