jute


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jute

(jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (lindenlinden,
common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. Most genera are tropical, but the genus Tilia, commonly called linden, or lime tree, in Europe and Asia and basswood in North America, is found throughout the north temperate zone.
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 family), and for its fiber. Many species yield fiber, but the chief sources of commercial jute are two Indian species (C. capsularis and C. olitorius), grown primarily in the Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys. Although jute adapts well to loamy soil in any hot and humid region, cultivation and harvesting require abundant cheap labor, and India remains the unrivaled world producer as well as the chief fiber processor. Kolkata (Calcutta) is the main center. Europe and the United States import large quantities of jute fiber and cloth; Dundee, Scotland, is also a major jute-textile manufacturer. The fiber strands in the bark are 6 to 10 ft long (2–3 m) and are separated from the woody stalk centers by retting. The fiber deteriorates quickly and, because of its uneven diameter and comparatively low cellulose content, is relatively weak. However, because of its low cost and the ease of dyeing and spinning, jute is the principal coarse fiber in commercial production and use. About 90% is spun into yarn for fabrics; the better qualities supply burlap and the poorer grades are used for baling and sacking (e.g., gunny sacks). It is also used for twine, rope, carpet and linoleum backing, and insulation. The discarded lower ends, called jute butts, are used for paper manufacture. The plant, cultivated in India from remote times, has been known to Western commerce only since about 1830. Jute is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Tiliaceae.

jute

[jüt]
(botany)
Either of two Asiatic species of tall, slender, half-shrubby annual plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, in the family Malvaceae, useful for their fiber.

jute

A plant fiber; forms a cheap, strong, durable yarn; used in the manufacture of canvas and hessian and for the backing of carpet to add strength and stiffness.

jute

1. either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae
2. this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc.

Jutland

a peninsula of N Europe: forms the continental portion of Denmark and geographically includes the N part of the German province of Schleswig-Holstein, while politically it includes only the mainland of Denmark and the islands north of Limfjorden; a major but inconclusive naval battle was fought off its NW coast in 1916 between the British and German fleets
References in periodicals archive ?
Pakistan's jute exports were quite low and amounted to just a few million dollars, the PJMA secretary disclosed.
Tarik Ehsan said his country's private and public sectors had introduced jute products after research and development in the international market.
He said that jute had always been called the golden fibre of Bangladesh.
Thomas Ekow Sackey said the government stands to benefit from the operations of the Kumasi jute factory should it be revamped, adding that instead of importing jute sacks from abroad, the factory can produce them locally and even embark on exports and cut down on the ever-increasing importation wage bill, which is weakening the Ghanaian cedi currency on the international market.
Amid a global push to reduce the use of plastic for environmental reasons, India is promoting jute -- better known in the United States as the fibre used in burlap -- as a material for reusable shopping bags, home furnishings, clothing, even diapers and women's sanitary pads.
Then 20 g of moisture-free jute, 70 g of polypropylene, and 10 g of MgO powder were mixed with each other.
Paint the jute in stripes or a different pattern, using liberal amounts of paint as it will soak in.
The company focuses on jute and jute blends for this category, and trending looks include textural and chunky constructions and simple geometries.
He said with sufficient supply of jute industry will be in a position to fulfil the quantity demand by federal and provincial governments this year.
Following a letter from the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, SR Gaikwad, Director ( Jute), Ministry of Textiles, has written to the Jute Commissioner of Kolkata that due to the current steep hike in the price of raw jute, the price of jute bags has also increased, resulting in a higher burden of subsidy to be given by the Central government for purchase of jute bags.
The development of alternative strategies for sustainable management of this pest in jute crop is urgent.
The production of jute in the country was 103957 tons in 2003/04 but now it stands at 101722 tons in 2013/14 while it touched heights of 137411 tons during 2008/09.