jute


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jute

(jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (lindenlinden,
common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. Most genera are tropical, but the genus Tilia, commonly called linden, or lime tree, in Europe and Asia and basswood in North America, is found throughout the north temperate zone.
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 family), and for its fiber. Many species yield fiber, but the chief sources of commercial jute are two Indian species (C. capsularis and C. olitorius), grown primarily in the Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys. Although jute adapts well to loamy soil in any hot and humid region, cultivation and harvesting require abundant cheap labor, and India remains the unrivaled world producer as well as the chief fiber processor. Kolkata (Calcutta) is the main center. Europe and the United States import large quantities of jute fiber and cloth; Dundee, Scotland, is also a major jute-textile manufacturer. The fiber strands in the bark are 6 to 10 ft long (2–3 m) and are separated from the woody stalk centers by retting. The fiber deteriorates quickly and, because of its uneven diameter and comparatively low cellulose content, is relatively weak. However, because of its low cost and the ease of dyeing and spinning, jute is the principal coarse fiber in commercial production and use. About 90% is spun into yarn for fabrics; the better qualities supply burlap and the poorer grades are used for baling and sacking (e.g., gunny sacks). It is also used for twine, rope, carpet and linoleum backing, and insulation. The discarded lower ends, called jute butts, are used for paper manufacture. The plant, cultivated in India from remote times, has been known to Western commerce only since about 1830. Jute is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Tiliaceae.

jute

[jüt]
(botany)
Either of two Asiatic species of tall, slender, half-shrubby annual plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, in the family Malvaceae, useful for their fiber.

jute

A plant fiber; forms a cheap, strong, durable yarn; used in the manufacture of canvas and hessian and for the backing of carpet to add strength and stiffness.

jute

1. either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae
2. this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc.

Jutland

a peninsula of N Europe: forms the continental portion of Denmark and geographically includes the N part of the German province of Schleswig-Holstein, while politically it includes only the mainland of Denmark and the islands north of Limfjorden; a major but inconclusive naval battle was fought off its NW coast in 1916 between the British and German fleets
References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking on the occasion, the President said that a concerted effort by all stakeholders is necessary to develop the jute sector.
The benefits of the boutique jute bags are not limited to their fashion savvy style, but the fabric is very durable and has the life span of over thousand plastic bags.
Tensile moduli of jute fiber, SRFs, and nanoclay-modifled SRFs were measured as per ASTM D 3822-01 and D638-03, respectively, at a crosshead speed of 2 mm/min.
Indian Jute Mills Association (IJMA) and Jute Manufacturing Development Council (JMDC) Statistics: aggregate data of various jute goods for the period 1991-92 to 2004-05.
During the British Raj in the 19th and early 20th Centuries, much of the raw jute fibre of Bengal was carried off to the United Kingdom, where it was then processed in mills concentrated in Dundee.
The introduction of the jute bags is just one of many initiatives the thriving school is pioneering.
One interesting touch was a two-and-a-half minute video link included within the copy for the PB Essential jute rug, which showed how the rug was produced.
Moreover, Geant, Abu Dhabi Cooperative Society and Carrefour are encouraging customers to purchase a reusable cloth or jute bag and Spinneys has insulation bags for sale.
Traditionally Jute has been imported into Pakistan, never exported.
BEING eco-conscious, I have just bought myself a reusable shopping bag that is made out of jute.
Jutexpo in Broadway has just taken an order for its ten millionth jute bag - an environmentally friendly and biodegradable alternative to plastic that is proving a hit with high street retailers.
Make sure you don't end up with all your shopping spilling onto the floor with the Jute Bag For Life.