Ethanol and ()-[alpha]-pinene: attractant kairomones
for bark and ambrosia beetles in the southeastern U.S.
Oviposition deterring pheromone of Rhagoletis pomonella, a kairomone
for its parasitoid Opius lectus.
To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first demonstration of scorpions using kairomones
in predator avoidance.
In a second experiment, marbled salamander larvae (Ambystoma opacum) were trained via classical conditioning (e.g., a learning event) to fear a natural predator, and the variation in behavior among these clutches in response to exposure to kairomones
from that predator alone was then evaluated.
The role of pheromones, kairomones
, and allomones in the host selection and colonization behavior of bark beetles.
versicolor hatchings daily to generate kairomones
in the larval environment.
Prey preference of the phytoseiid mite Typhlodromus pyri: Response to volatile kairomones
. Experimental and Applied Acarology, v.4, n.1, p.1-13, 1988b.
Zaki FN, Saadani ELG, Gomma A, Saleh M (1998) Increasing rates of parasitism of the larval parasitoid Bracon brevicornis (Hym., Braconidae) by using kairomones
, pheromones and a supplementary food.
Juttner, "Volatile foraging kairomones
in the littoral zone: attraction of an herbivorous freshwater gastropod to algal odors," Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol.
Types of chemical cues that are perceived by prey include kairomones
(the scent of a predator alone), alarm cues from injured individuals (a chemical emitted by injured prey that communicates to conspecifics that danger is imminent), and cues due to dietary factors such as those emitted after a predator has eaten a prey item (see review in Ferrari and others 2010; Wisenden 2003).