Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.


a ground-living nocturnal parrot, Strigops habroptilus, of New Zealand, resembling an owl
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Strigops habroptilus), also owl parrot, a bird of the order Psittaciformes. The kakapo is 60 cm long, with soft green plumage specked with black. As in the owls (Strigiformes), the feathers of the face form a facial disk (hence the name “owl parrot”). The kakapo is flightless, flapping its wings only to help itself while running. It inhabits forests, concealing itself during the day in rock fissures or burrows. A clutch contains two to four eggs; the female incubates the eggs. The diet consists of berries and plant juice, which the bird obtains by chewing on leaves and shoots without tearing them from the plant. Once widely distributed in New Zealand, the kakapo has been almost completely extirpated; it is now encountered rarely, only in the southwestern part of South Island. The bird is given complete protection.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Through this funding, we're investing in the future of kakapo and giving nature a much needed helping hand with plans to eradicate cats, pigs and mice on the Maukahuka/Auckland Islands.
There is an ambivalence in this attitude, one that is also found in Walter Buller, the notorious ornithologist, as Jennifer Hay explains: Buller, 'a firm believer in the Darwinian theory of natural selection, regarded the demise of New Zealand's flora, fauna and indigenous peoples as foreordained, so why not gather and sell these specimens while he could?' Although Buller officially supported conservation, he nonetheless sent 'shipments of birds--kiwi, kakapo, whekau (laughing owl), huia, piopio--to England as "tributes from the provinces'", helping 'drive some to extinction, notably the huia'.
Other animals and birds making an appearance include the kakapo, polar bears and kinabalu giant red leech.
The animals include the Burmese roofed turtle, the vaquita, the northern sportive lemur, the Javan rhino, the Cao-vit gibbon, the kakapo, the California condor, the saola, the Sumatran tiger, and the Anegada ground iguana.
Among many other special creatures, Ann-Kathrin had the privilege of working with the world's biggest owl, the eagle owl, the tiny rock wren, and the kakapo. After starting her Master of Science on the conservation genetics of the black- fronted terns at the University of Otago, the project has grown and become a PhD project.
One was a New Zealand blend with the crazy name Kakapo. It's a surefire way to get some stick in Northern Ireland if you tell people you're drinking a glass of Kakapo.
A deeper knowledge of male reproductive biology also can increase the success of breeding programs and enable the use of the kea as a model species for other more threatened species, such as the kaka (Nestor meridionalis) and the kakapo (Strigops habroptila).
Meet the kakapo. This large flightless bird lives only in New Zealand.
According to Fairweather's project plan, the anchors are located in five areas: Good Hope Bay in Kotzebue Sound for barge moorings; the Burger A site in the Chukchi Sea for the arctic containment system moorings; the Burger V site in the Chukchi Sea for the M/V Noble Discoverer drilling rig moorings; Kakapo in the Chukchi Sea for a contingency location for the Discoverer drilling rig; and the Sivulliq site in the Beaufort Sea for the mobile offshore drilling unit Kulluk drilling rig moorings.
This series ends with a look at the creatures and plants that are relatively new to the islands - and one that has survived against all odds - the flightless nocturnal parrot, the Kakapo.
Off the coast of New Zealand, conservationists are sequencing the genome of kakapo parrots to try and bring the bizarre flightless bird back from the brink.