kala azar


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kala azar

[‚käl·ə ə′zär]
(medicine)
Visceral leishmaniasis due to the protozoan Leishmania donovani, transmitted by certain sandflies (Phlebotomus); characterized by chronic, irregular fever, enlargement of the spleen and liver, emaciation, anemia, and leukopenia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The poorest of the poor, in the most remote villages are the ones who are wasting away from kala azar and who could benefit the most from a shorter more affordable treatment" said Dr.
52 [pounds sterling] will buy a full course of treatment for a patient with kala azar
Kala Azar -- a Hindi word meaning "Black Death" -- erupted during Sudan's two-decade civil war that ended in 2005, killing hundreds of thousands of people in Southern Sudan.
The group says it has seen a sharp uptick in kala azar cases since August, which is normally the disease's low season.
We suspect that the number of kala azar patients reaching clinics in some areas is just the tip of the iceberg," said Dr David Kidinda, MSF medical coordinator for southern Sudan.
Kala Azar remains neglected by research and development initiatives.
Evaluation of a rapid immunochromatography test for diagnosis of kala azar & dermal leishmaniasis at a tertiary care centre of north India.
La leishmaniasis se manifiesta de dos formas: cutanea y visceral; la primera se puede considerar benigna, pues en terminos generales cura, aunque deja cicatrices o perdida de cartilagos de oreja (ulcera de los chicleros) y nariz; la segunda, representada por el kala azar, produce agrandamiento del bazo, descenso de leucocitos blancos, con lo que el paciente queda expuesto a enfermedades infecciosas.
According to author Rachel Cohen, 14 million people, 97 percent of them in developing countries, die each year from communicable diseases such as malaria, sleeping sickness and kala azar.
Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala azar, is the most serious form of infection and has been reported to occur in both New and Old World infections.
The hospital does not have the drug to treat kala azar or the separated blood parts to make treatment effective.