Of all Murra's publications, there are two articles that I have always loved the best: Las etnocategorias de un khipu
estatal (1975) and Cloth and Its Functions in the Inka State (1962).
incaicos se situan al lado de otras formas semasiograficas de inscripcion (la semasiografia registra informacion independientemente del habla de cualquier idioma especifico), empleadas por otros "Estados tempranos", tales como el proto-Cuneiforme que, segun Peter Damerow, deberia considerarse no como "un intento defectuoso de representar el habla, sino como intentos exitosos de representar conocimientos".
Apparently, the colors and knot positions on the khipus
indicated the specifics of society members such as names and social status.
Encoding authority: Navigating the uses of Khipu
in Colonial Peru.
Spanish witnesses long claimed khipus
contained historical narratives, biographies and epistles, but scholars dismissed them as memory aids, providing simple mnemonic tools rather than providing a writing system to preserve information.
(29) Frank Salomon, The Cord Keepers: Khipus
and Cultural Life in a Peruvian Village (Duke U.
Nonetheless, during colonial times, and under evangelization and Hispanization, the khipus
were maintained as a powerful apparatus for recording parish activities (for example, attaining confession) and church attendance, community expenditure, and local litigation.
From Keith Basso's Wisdom Sits in Places to studies of Andean khipus
that suggest landscape is structurally significant for Inca recording systems to the Nez Perce tribe's ecological "stewardship" model of the reservation, indigenous engagements with ecology and representation, past and present, complicate the broad picture of New World environmental poetics.
Essays by other scholars (of bioanthropology, archaeology, anthropology, and pre-Columbian studies from the US and Peru) on Chachapoya iconography, culture, khipus
, and the project to rescue the finds and the construction of the Museo Leymebamba are included.
de Rapaz en casa: un complejo Administrativo--ceremonial centroperuano.