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see assass,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal of the genus Equus, closely related to the horse. It is distinguished from the horse by its small size, large head, long ears, and small hooves. There are two living species: Equus hemonius, the Asian ass, and E.
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(Equus hemionus kiang), a perissodactyl mammal of the family Equidae, a geographical form (subspecies) of the Asiatic wild ass.

The kiang is a large and well-proportioned animal, approximately 140 cm high at the withers. The ears are longer than those of the horse but shorter than those of the ass. The mane is short and erect. The tail has a tuft of long hairs at the end. There are chestnuts (horny calluses) on the forelegs. The back and sides are reddish brown; the underside, whitish. The kiang is found in the desert uplands of Central Asia (Kashmir, Ladakh, Tibet), living in small herds and feeding on grass. The female gives birth to a single foal. The animal is very shy. It has a swift gait and great endurance. The kiang is hunted locally for its meat and hide. It is difficult to tame.

References in periodicals archive ?
The current population estimate of the Kiang worldwide is 60,000-70,000 animals, 90% of which are reported to be in China (Shah, 2002).
Because the current status and trends of Kiang populations are contended or otherwise inadequately recorded or researched, it is difficult to come up with one set of data that may apply to the entire Kiang population and its range.
Kiang was distributed in all the survey sites in the Arjin Mountain Nature Reserve.
Number of Kiang, groups, mean group sizes(+-SD), and animals/ km2 observed in different sites the Arjin Mountain Nature Reserve, China (May 2011, Oct 2011, May 2012).
Kiang population size and density estimates (+-SD) in different surveys in the Arjin Mountain Nature Reserve, China.
Number of Kiang, groups, means (+-SD) group sizes, and animals/100 km2 observed in different sites the Arjin Mountain Nature Reserve, China.
Sites###Number of group###Number of Kiang seen###Mean group size +- SD###Kiang seen /100km2
Limited water resources and topographic features, as these factors have been reported to directly affect the Kiang population in the reserve (Gao, Gu 1989).
However, over the last decade, government intervention to the miners and progressive wildlife protection policy measures, such as the elimination of gold mines, resulted in a significant recovery of Kiang populations, in some areas like Aqqik Kul (Table I, Fig.