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[Ger.,=garden of children], system of preschool education. Friedrich FroebelFroebel, Friedrich Wilhelm August
, 1782–1852, German educator and founder of the kindergarten system. He had an unhappy childhood and very little formal schooling, learning what he could from wide reading and close observation of nature; he studied for a short time at the
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 designed (1837) the kindergarten to provide an educational situation less formal than that of the elementary school but one in which children's creative play instincts would be organized constructively. Through the use of songs, stories, games, simple manual materials, and group activities for which the furnishings of a kindergarten are adapted, children develop habits of cooperation and application, and the transition from home to school is thought to be made less formidable.

The theory implicit in the kindergarten system, that education develops through expression and social cooperation, has greatly influenced elementary education and parent educationparent education,
movement to help parents' understanding of the problems of children at home and in the school. Much parent education is carried on through the channels of adult education, both formally and informally.
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, especially in the United States, where kindergartens are generally a part of public school systems. The first kindergarten in America was founded (1856) at Watertown, Wis., by Margaretta Schurz, wife of Carl SchurzSchurz, Carl
, 1829–1906, American political leader, b. Germany. He studied at the Univ. of Bonn and participated in the revolutionary uprisings of 1848–49 in Germany.
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. It was followed by a school opened (1861) by Elizabeth Peabody in Boston and by a public kindergarten established (1873) in St. Louis by Susan Blow.

See also nursery schoolnursery school,
educational institution for children from two to four years of age. It is distinguishable from a day nursery in that it serves children of both working and nonworking parents, rarely receives public funds, and has as its primary objective to promote the social
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See C. Goode, World of Kindergarten (1970); W. Barbe, Basic Skills in Kindergarten (1980); S. Stuart, Teaching and Reaching (1983); B. Spodek, Today's Kindergarten (1986); N. Brosterman, Inventing Kindergarten (1997).


a class or small school for young children, usually between the ages of four and six to prepare them for primary education. Often shortened (in Australia) to kinder or (in Australia and New Zealand) to kindy or kindie
References in periodicals archive ?
In turn, when I asked the kindergartners what they were learning, their replies reflected two things: one, they were learning to follow rules; two, learning was for the sake of getting to the next grade and eventually to find a job.
According to the agency's assessment, completion rates for each immunization series also increased among kindergartners in the 2016-2017 school year, from an increase of 2 percentage points for the hepatitis B vaccine to 2.
In the process, kindergartners can form the basis for how they will approach issues and conflicts in their lives.
However, studies have not looked specifically at the link between TV watching and obesity among kindergartners.
Wetherbee said of her work with Worcester kindergartners over the course of the school year.
This year, about 100 students at seven schools used the service, which brings to school kindergartners who attend afternoon sessions and takes home those who attend morning classes.
Nearly three-quarters of kindergartners got the answer right.
The idea, Andy told the Herald, is to reinforce what the kindergartners have learned throughout the school year, things like the alphabet and how to write sentences, and create a connection between them and the seniors.
Furthermore, the report indicated that full-day kindergartners, on average, made greater gains in both their reading and mathematics achievement scores from fall to spring, compared to those in half-day classes.
In the beginning, I became interested in, "How do we know when kindergartners are ready for first grade?
The idea of kindergartners sitting in lotus position has gotten several Catholic school parents all tied in knots.
Kindergartners, first, and second graders depicted parents as heroes and comforters.