Kinesthesia

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Related to kinesthetic: kinesthetic sense, kinesthetic awareness

Kinesthesia

 

(also kinesthesis, proprioreception, muscle sense), the ability of man and animals to perceive and evaluate change in the relative positions and in the movements of the parts of the body.

N. M. Sechenov was the first to study the relationship between information about the position in space of various parts of the body and the degree of contraction of each muscle, on the one hand, and movement regulation and learning about the environment, on the other. He referred to kinesthesia as the “dark muscle sense.” During the contraction and stretching of muscles, nerve impulses arising in the kinesthetic receptors (muscle spindles, Golgi apparatus, and possibly the pacinian corpuscles) reach the central nervous system via sensory nerve fibers. The set of peripheral and central nervous formations participating in the analysis of this information was called the motor analyzer by I. P. Pavlov. The perfection and delicacy of coordination of motor reactions, such as locomotion in man and animals, are attributable to the steady accumulation throughout life of constantly regenerated connections between the neurons of the motor analyzer and those of the other analyzers (visual, acoustic, and so forth).

Kinesthesia plays an important role in the development of perceptions because it serves as the basis for control of all the other sense organs. Thus, visual appraisal of the distance of an object as it is approached is mediated by muscle sense.

O. M. BENIUMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Where V = Visual Style, A = Auditory Style, RW = Read/Write Style, K = Kinesthetic Style and MM = Multi-model style.
Physiological channel encompasses visual, auditory and kinesthetic or tangible, and energy levels during the day, and needs to be addressed (food and drink) and having different movements during learning.
Corresponded to the four sensory modalities measured visual, aural/auditory, read/write, and kinesthetic. The respondents were permitted to select more than one option(s), to identify the preferences for multiple learning styles.
The same was true for males with regards to the VARK style, but kinesthetic was found to be equally preferred with the aural style (Figures-2 and 3).
Furthermore, imagery interventions for people with PD specifically focusing on body schema and kinesthetic could not be found despite being recommended [6, 13].
Once the significant other has been determined to primarily belong to the visual, auditory, or kinesthetic modality, the coach will then adapt to the appropriate modality for effective communication.
These types of kinesthetic cues have been shown to have performance enhancing effects.
Moreover, viewing the reflection of one's arm being passively moved induces consistent, vivid kinesthetic illusions of movement on the static arm hidden behind the mirror; this effect has been called the kinesthetic mirror illusion [8, 19, 20].
(3) The neurologic interactions between mind and body are the source of kinesthetic experience.
The highest level of kinesthetic sensitivity found in these athletes especially applies to the particular body limbs more involved in that sport's physical movement: the lower limbs for figure skaters, the upper limbs for boxers or the lower limbs for karate practitioners (Starosta, et al., 2003, 1989).
""Creative Dance and Learning: Making the Kinesthetic Link" is a core and essential addition to academic library Dance Education reference collections and supplemental studies reading lists.