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kinetic art,term referring to sculptured works that include motion as a significant dimension. The form was pioneered by Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
..... Click the link for more information. , Naum GaboGabo, Naum
, 1890–1977, Russian sculptor, architect, theorist, and teacher, brother of Antoine Pevsner. Gabo lived in Munich and Norway until the end of the revolution, when he returned to Russia.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Alexander CalderCalder, Alexander
, 1898–1976, American sculptor, b. Philadelphia; son of Alexander Stirling Calder and grandson of Alexander Mine Calder, prominent sculptors. Among the most innovative of modern sculptors, he trained as a mechanical engineer and studied at New York's Art
..... Click the link for more information. . Kinetic art is either nonmechanical, e.g., Calder's mobilesmobile
, a type of moving sculptural artwork developed by Alexander Calder in 1932 and named by Marcel Duchamp. Often constructed of colored metal pieces connected by wires or rods, the mobile has moving parts that are sensitive to a breeze or light touch; it can be designed to
..... Click the link for more information. , or mechanical, e.g., works by Gabo, László Moholy-NagyMoholy-Nagy, László
, 1895–1946, Hungarian painter, designer, and experimental photographer. He turned to art after studying law. While living in Berlin he was one of the founders of constructivism, experimenting with photograms and translucent materials.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Jean TinguelyTinguely, Jean
, 1925–91, Swiss artist. Tinguely is best known for his "metamechanics," electromechanical sculptures that perform tasks such as painting or playing music.
..... Click the link for more information. . The latter sort of kineticism developed in response to an increasingly technological culture. Artists who pursued kinetic art in the late 20th cent. include the German Otto Piene, some of whose works were made with grids and moving lamps, fire, or smoke; the American George Rickey, who created small to monumental sculptures of delicately balanced pieces of metal; and the Greek artist Takis, who made art that moved with electricity, magnetism, light, and sound.
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kinetic art[kə′ned·ik ′ärt]
The use of material objects in motion to produce an artistic effect.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
art, esp sculpture, that moves or has moving parts
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005