kinetic theory


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kinetic theory

[kə′ned·ik ′thē·ə·rē]
(statistical mechanics)
A theory which attempts to explain the behavior of physical systems on the assumption that they are composed of large numbers of atoms or molecules in vigorous motion; it is further assumed that energy and momentum are conserved in collisions of these particles, and that statistical methods can be applied to deduce the particles' average behavior. Also known as molecular theory.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kinetic theory holds because the walls act as massive energy pumps, i.
Gidaspow, Multiphase Flow and Fluidization: Continuum and kInetic Theory Descriptions, Academic Press, Boston, Mass, USA, 1994.
Kinetic Theory (Classical, Quantum, and Relativistic Descriptions).
From the discrete kinetic theory of vehicular traffic flow to computing the velocity distribution at equilibrium, Mathematical and Computer Modelling 49(3-4): 610-616.
Robert joined Columbia University where, as a research associate, he worked to extend Einstein's viscosity theory to ellipsoidal solutes and on a general kinetic theory of chain degradation (with E.
Typical gas velocities are around 1000 m/s and one can calculate from the kinetic theory of gases, assuming ideal gas laws to hold, that [10.
The book starts with a few elementary notions of kinetic theory, a notoriously hard subject for all but math-oriented readers.
This version of Fluentis flagship product includes the ability to use granular kinetic theory for Eulerian simulations on unstructured meshes, a capability that is necessary to correctly predict the behavior of solids in multiphase flows, the company says.
With appropriate software, a wide range of semiconductor material processing phenomena can be modeled, including multicomponent transport (based on the kinetic theory of gases), multistep gas phase, and surface reaction capability to simulate the CVD, physical vapor deposition (PVD), and etching processes.
49ers at Broncos (-7): Terrell Owens' 20-reception, 283-yard performance brings to mind German physicist Rudolf Clausius formulating the second law of thermodynamics and the kinetic theory of gases.
But it is especially for his work on the kinetic theory of gases and on electromagnetism that he is famous.
His monumental contribution to physics, his fundamental contributions to kinetic theory and statistical mechanics, rested upon the presumption of the atomic theory of matter and on a Newtonian, mechanistic account of molecular dynamics.