kingdom


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Related to kingdom: Kingdom of God, phylum

kingdom,

in taxonomy: see classificationclassification,
in biology, the systematic categorization of organisms into a coherent scheme. The original purpose of biological classification, or systematics, was to organize the vast number of known plants and animals into categories that could be named, remembered, and
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.

Kingdom

 

one of the highest taxonomic categories in the system of the organic world. Since the time of Aristotle, all living organisms have conventionally been divided into two kingdoms: the plant kingdom and the animal kingdom.

A new classification system has been widely accepted since the mid-20th century. All organisms lacking a true cell nucleus make up the kingdom, or according to some biologists, the superkingdom Prokaryota. Organisms with a true nucleus are classified in the kingdom or superkingdom Eukaryota. There are four kingdoms, if both Prokaryota and Eukaryota are to be regarded as superkingdoms. Prokaryotes include the single kingdom Schizophyta, which has two subkingdoms—bacteria and blue-green algae. Eukaryotes include the plant kingdom, with its two subkingdoms of lower plants and higher plants; the fungi kingdom, with its two subkingdoms of lower fungi and higher fungi; and the animal kingdom, with its two subkingdoms of protozoans and multicellular animals. This classification system is substantiated from an evolutionary point of view.

In floristic regionalization, the floristic kingdom, or region, is the highest category.


Kingdom

 

(according to Roman tradition, 753–509 B.C.), the designation accepted in historical literature for the early period in the history of Rome. During this period Rome was ruled consecutively by seven kings: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Martius, Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, and Tarquinius Superbus. The last king was exiled by the Romans in 509 B.C., after which the republican form of government was established.

kingdom

[′kiŋ·dəm]
(systematics)
One of the primary divisions that include all living organisms: most authorities recognize two, the animal kingdom and the plant kingdom, while others recognize three or more, such as Protista, Plantae, Animalia, and Mycota.

kingdom

1. a territory, state, people, or community ruled or reigned over by a king or queen
2. Biology any of the major categories into which living organisms of the domain Eukarya are classified. Modern systems recognize four kingdoms: Protoctista (algae, protozoans, etc.), Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
3. Theol the eternal sovereignty of God
References in classic literature ?
At this the king was overwhelmed with joy, and made it known thoughout all his kingdom, that if his son would come back to his court he would forgive him.
The time soon came, when the eldest brother thought that he would make haste to go to the princess, and say that he was the one who had set her free, and that he should have her for his wife, and the kingdom with her.
So he journeyed on, thinking of her all the way, and rode so quickly that he did not even see what the road was made of, but went with his horse straight over it; and as he came to the gate it flew open, and the princess welcomed him with joy, and said he was her deliverer, and should now be her husband and lord of the kingdom.
And now the old king gathered together his court, and asked all his kingdom to come and celebrate the wedding of his son and the princess.
The only thing that troubled him was the reflection that this kingdom was in the land of the blacks, and that the people they would give him for vassals would be all black; but for this he soon found a remedy in his fancy, and said he to himself, "What is it to me if my vassals are blacks?
Towards what kingdom would your ladyship direct our course?
She, being ready on all points, understood that she was to answer "Yes," so she said "Yes, senor, my way lies towards that kingdom.
In that case," said the curate, "we must pass right through my village, and there your worship will take the road to Cartagena, where you will be able to embark, fortune favouring; and if the wind be fair and the sea smooth and tranquil, in somewhat less than nine years you may come in sight of the great lake Meona, I mean Meotides, which is little more than a hundred days' journey this side of your highness's kingdom.
There's no doubt of that," replied Sancho, "for I have known many to take their name and title from the place where they were born and call themselves Pedro of Alcala, Juan of Ubeda, and Diego of Valladolid; and it may be that over there in Guinea queens have the same way of taking the names of their kingdoms.
1 The United Kingdom recognized the substantial potential for Saudi Arabia as a global investment powerhouse and committed to work with Saudi Arabia to meet Saudi objectives on industrialization and human capital development.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, met with the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Morocco, Habib El Malki, as part of the official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Kingdom of Morocco.
28 (BNA): Minister of Foreign Affairs, Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, met the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Morocco, Habib El Malki, as part of the minister's official visit to the Kingdom of Morocco.