Again and again the term "intractable" is applied to Lucas, as when Chick imagines, soon after the prison visit, "the old kinless
friendless opinionated arrogant hardheaded intractable independent (insolent too) Negro man alone in the cell" (78).
In Intruderin the Dust's second chapter, we are told that--in the four years which have passed since Chick's encounter with Lucas--Molly has died, their married daughter (presumably the same Nat from "The Fire and the Hearth") has "moved with her husband to Detroit," leaving Lucas "living alone in the house, solitary kinless
and intractable, apparently not only without friends even in his own race but proud of it" (301).
The slave was kinless
, stripped of his or her old social identity in the process of capture, sale and deracination, and denied the capacity to forge new bonds of kinship through marriage alliance.