knitting

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knitting,

construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent., when it began to be practiced in Italy and Spain. The Scots claimed its invention and also its introduction into France. Hand-knitting needles are of bone, wood, steel, ivory, or celluloid. Two needles with heads are required for flat or selvage work; three or more, pointed at both ends, for tubular work such as hose; and for larger tubular work, a circular needle. The first knitting machine, invented in England in 1589 by William Lee, was refused a patent by Queen Elizabeth on the grounds that it would curtail the work of hand knitters. Lee's machine, marketed in France, was the forerunner of the warp and circular frames used after 1790; these in turn developed into the two modern types of power machines, the warp and the weft. The springbeard needle of Lee's frame was supplemented in 1847 by Matthew Townsend's latch needle, commonly used for coarse work. In 1864, William Cotton patented a machine by which garments and the heels and toes of hosiery might be shaped. Automatic machines were first introduced in 1889. In weft knitting, which includes hand knitting, the fabric is constructed in horizontal courses with one continuous yarn. The basic stitches are the plain (or jersey), purl, and rib. Either flatbed or circular machines may be used. The warp, or chain-loom, machine, generally flatbed, builds vertical chains, or wales, each having a separate yarn. The wales are tied together by zigzagging the yarns from needle to needle in the basic tricot or milanese stitches or variants of these. The warp-knit fabric is run-resistant but less elastic than the weft.

Bibliography

See B. Abbey, The Complete Book of Knitting (1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

What does it mean when you dream about knitting?

Knitting is an obvious symbol for something we are building, either in our career or in our relationships. Knitting together a relationship, particularly one that needs mending. (See also Sewing).

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

knitting

[′nid·iŋ]
(textiles)
Making a fabric by interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles or wires.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ulger, "Properties of plain knits from siro-spun viscose/spandex yarns," Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol.
Tricot: This is the most common warp knit, used in many garments, such as lingerie, sleepwear, shirts and blouses.
"It's a very social thing as we knit and natter, and anyone is welcome to come and join us."
A study on the influence of knit structure on comfort properties of acrylic knitted fabrics.
A RETIRED dressmaker who knits all year round to raise money for cancer charity Velindre has been rewarded with an Echo Bouquet of the Week.
It's a pretty straightforward deal--just knit a four-inch square using the yarn size and needles indicated in your pattern.
Even the most elaborate patterns are based on a binary wrapping code of a knit and a purl.
To help people get started she has created a beginner's pack to knit a poppy with Kitchener stitch to sell in aid of the Royal British Legion.
In my second week at school Mrs Gilchrist was teaching all 45 of us in the class how to knit. In those days there were no classroom assistants to help keep order.
But a seeming prank where a knitting group places covers on Plum Harbor's new parking meters begins a bizarre chain of events that includes a dead body found encased in a knit shroud:
"I love to knit and I like a challenge, the more unusual breed of the dog the better.
For the nine single knitted structures, three of them were general types including plain knit (single jersey), pineapple, and lacoste, while the other six of them were different combinations of knit, tuck, and miss stitches including (i) knit and tuck with ratio 1: 1, (ii) knit and miss with ratio 1: 1, (iii) knit and tuckwith ratio 2: 2 along the wale direction, (iv) knit and miss with ratio 2: 2 along the wale direction, (v) knit and tuck with ratio 2: 2 along the course direction, and (vi) knit and miss with ratio 2:2 along the course direction.