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construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent., when it began to be practiced in Italy and Spain. The Scots claimed its invention and also its introduction into France. Hand-knitting needles are of bone, wood, steel, ivory, or celluloid. Two needles with heads are required for flat or selvage work; three or more, pointed at both ends, for tubular work such as hose; and for larger tubular work, a circular needle. The first knitting machine, invented in England in 1589 by William Lee, was refused a patent by Queen Elizabeth on the grounds that it would curtail the work of hand knitters. Lee's machine, marketed in France, was the forerunner of the warp and circular frames used after 1790; these in turn developed into the two modern types of power machines, the warp and the weft. The springbeard needle of Lee's frame was supplemented in 1847 by Matthew Townsend's latch needle, commonly used for coarse work. In 1864, William Cotton patented a machine by which garments and the heels and toes of hosiery might be shaped. Automatic machines were first introduced in 1889. In weft knitting, which includes hand knitting, the fabric is constructed in horizontal courses with one continuous yarn. The basic stitches are the plain (or jersey), purl, and rib. Either flatbed or circular machines may be used. The warp, or chain-loom, machine, generally flatbed, builds vertical chains, or wales, each having a separate yarn. The wales are tied together by zigzagging the yarns from needle to needle in the basic tricot or milanese stitches or variants of these. The warp-knit fabric is run-resistant but less elastic than the weft.


See B. Abbey, The Complete Book of Knitting (1972).

What does it mean when you dream about knitting?

Knitting is an obvious symbol for something we are building, either in our career or in our relationships. Knitting together a relationship, particularly one that needs mending. (See also Sewing).


Making a fabric by interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gilhooly, who knits daily with her friends in the UO dorms, doesn't see any end in sight.
Arlene, who has a 22-month-old daughter called Hannah, said: "My gran taught me how to knit when I was about five and I've never stopped.
When merchants evaluate knits from a supplier, weight is a measure of quality.
Comparative Features of Circular Knitting Machines Manufacturing Single Jersey Knit Fabrics Knitting Production Capacity Power Machine Kg Per 20 working consump- RPM Brand Dia Gauge Hours Hours tion (Speed) Albi 30" 24 46 KG 920 KG 6.
Realizing that he would have to live with the formation of the knit line on the central tube, Gangjee next considered increasing the temperature of the polymer flow fronts at the knit line in order to make it stronger.
Block 2: With RS facing, pick up and knit 20 sts along side edge of previous block, k20 base sts from holder--41 sts.
Because all knit fabrics have some degree of stretch, patterns designed for knit fabrics have what's called "wearing ease.
About: Aroha Knits is the official website and brand to knitting designer Francoise Danoy.
Staff at Hugh James contributed a total of 1,407 hats to Big Knit this year.
Alnwick Garden learning programme manager Alison Hamer said: "We have already completed part of the garden wall and people can knit flowers, vegetables or plant pots.
The socks are knit with love, with a rainbow of love.
Expert needlecrafter Debbie Bliss is a former designer for Baby Gap and the author of a number of 'how to' books on knitting including "The Baby Knit Book", "Debbie Bliss Knitting Workbook", "How to Knit", and "Classic Knits for Kids".