knitting

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knitting,

construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent., when it began to be practiced in Italy and Spain. The Scots claimed its invention and also its introduction into France. Hand-knitting needles are of bone, wood, steel, ivory, or celluloid. Two needles with heads are required for flat or selvage work; three or more, pointed at both ends, for tubular work such as hose; and for larger tubular work, a circular needle. The first knitting machine, invented in England in 1589 by William Lee, was refused a patent by Queen Elizabeth on the grounds that it would curtail the work of hand knitters. Lee's machine, marketed in France, was the forerunner of the warp and circular frames used after 1790; these in turn developed into the two modern types of power machines, the warp and the weft. The springbeard needle of Lee's frame was supplemented in 1847 by Matthew Townsend's latch needle, commonly used for coarse work. In 1864, William Cotton patented a machine by which garments and the heels and toes of hosiery might be shaped. Automatic machines were first introduced in 1889. In weft knitting, which includes hand knitting, the fabric is constructed in horizontal courses with one continuous yarn. The basic stitches are the plain (or jersey), purl, and rib. Either flatbed or circular machines may be used. The warp, or chain-loom, machine, generally flatbed, builds vertical chains, or wales, each having a separate yarn. The wales are tied together by zigzagging the yarns from needle to needle in the basic tricot or milanese stitches or variants of these. The warp-knit fabric is run-resistant but less elastic than the weft.

Bibliography

See B. Abbey, The Complete Book of Knitting (1972).

What does it mean when you dream about knitting?

Knitting is an obvious symbol for something we are building, either in our career or in our relationships. Knitting together a relationship, particularly one that needs mending. (See also Sewing).

knitting

[′nid·iŋ]
(textiles)
Making a fabric by interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knitted fabrics have famous outstanding comfort characteristics.
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She said: "I've always knitted, and a lot of the old patterns that have been up in people's lofts are coming out again.
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Women on the Home Front knitted their way through the Second World War and while the pastime saw a decline in the late 1940s and 1950s as new technology and efficiency became the order of the day, it again staged a comeback in the 1960s as many young people rebelled against commercialism in favour of handmade fashion statements.
I've always been inspired by knitting techniques, and you can experiment so well with colour and pattern in wool," says designer Melanie Porter, whose knitted collection includes chairs, tables, lampshades and cushions, starting from pounds 75.
FURRY HEAT: Knitted warmer in classic cable pattern, with microwaveable wheat filled insert fragranced with essential oils, pounds 19.
Her hand-knitted socks became known as power socks because a person wearing them can feel the love of the person who knitted them.
Send your knitted squares to: I Knit, Knit A River, 7 Courthope House Hartington Road, London, SW8 2HS U.
Other mathematicians have knitted or crocheted fractal objects, surfaces that have no inside or outside, and shapes whose patterns display mathematical theorems.
In "Arctic Lace: Knitted Projects And Stories Inspired By Alaska's Native Knitters", Donna has created a 192-page, single-volume workshop on knitting and designing lace with an Inuit flair.
The foundational wool pictures, after all, depend on the hair of lowly ungulates, but this animal substance must be spun by machines into strands, further twined into yarn, and fed into other machines with a low tolerance for variation, before Trockel's programs can drive the fiber into discernable knitted patterns.