knitting


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Related to knitting: crochet

knitting,

construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. Knitting, allied in origin to weaving and to the netting and knotting of fishnets and snares, was apparently unknown in Europe before the 15th cent., when it began to be practiced in Italy and Spain. The Scots claimed its invention and also its introduction into France. Hand-knitting needles are of bone, wood, steel, ivory, or celluloid. Two needles with heads are required for flat or selvage work; three or more, pointed at both ends, for tubular work such as hose; and for larger tubular work, a circular needle. The first knitting machine, invented in England in 1589 by William Lee, was refused a patent by Queen Elizabeth on the grounds that it would curtail the work of hand knitters. Lee's machine, marketed in France, was the forerunner of the warp and circular frames used after 1790; these in turn developed into the two modern types of power machines, the warp and the weft. The springbeard needle of Lee's frame was supplemented in 1847 by Matthew Townsend's latch needle, commonly used for coarse work. In 1864, William Cotton patented a machine by which garments and the heels and toes of hosiery might be shaped. Automatic machines were first introduced in 1889. In weft knitting, which includes hand knitting, the fabric is constructed in horizontal courses with one continuous yarn. The basic stitches are the plain (or jersey), purl, and rib. Either flatbed or circular machines may be used. The warp, or chain-loom, machine, generally flatbed, builds vertical chains, or wales, each having a separate yarn. The wales are tied together by zigzagging the yarns from needle to needle in the basic tricot or milanese stitches or variants of these. The warp-knit fabric is run-resistant but less elastic than the weft.

Bibliography

See B. Abbey, The Complete Book of Knitting (1972).

What does it mean when you dream about knitting?

Knitting is an obvious symbol for something we are building, either in our career or in our relationships. Knitting together a relationship, particularly one that needs mending. (See also Sewing).

knitting

[′nid·iŋ]
(textiles)
Making a fabric by interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles or wires.
References in classic literature ?
To have seen the mother and son, like two great bats hanging over the whole house, and darkening it with their ugly forms, made me so uncomfortable, that I would rather have remained downstairs, knitting and all, than gone to bed.
In the pages of "Add One Stitch Knitting: All the Stitches You Need in 15 Projects", knitting expert and blogger Alina Schneider demystifies the knitting process and helps aspiring needlecrafters to learn 15 essential knitting stitches with her easy, step-by-step, illustrated guide.
For terms, abbreviations, and techniques you don't know, please visit our free online knitting glossary at www.
Cable Confidence: A Guide to Textured Knitting is an 80 page work filled with fourteen designs featuring cables, cables, cables.
The high level of productivity makes circular knitting especially interesting for the manufacture of "fabric" shoe uppers.
com)-- Alandale Knitting, LLC, a leading commission circular knit manufacturer, is celebrating a half-century of continuous operation at its Troy, North Carolina operations.
Knit to Be Tied joins others in the Knitting Mystery series and tells of the Lambspun Knitters, friends at a knitting shop who welcome a new member: pregnancy Nancy, who wants to knit baby clothes.
A CAMPAIGN is under way in Huddersfield - to revive the art of knitting.
Knitting is one of the most important sectors of textile.
Velindre give me the patterns and I do the knitting and decorate them a little.
If knitting in one direction, turning your needles, and purling back to the start seems tedious, skip the purling and instead knit backwards.
Unfortunately, I decided I didn't like the texture of the polyester yarn after I'd finished knitting it, so I put the pieces in the back of a closet for years.