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1. the sound of knocking in an engine or bearing
2. Informal (in cricket) an innings or a spell of batting

Knock (Ireland)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In 1879 Knock, a relatively small community in County Mayo, Ireland, became the scene of an apparition of the Virgin Mary that occurred on the evening of August 21, 1879. It began as two women, Mary McLoughlin and Mary Beirne, strolled by a local church in the late afternoon. At the gable end of the building, they saw three luminous figures, one of whom they identified as the Virgin and the others as Joseph and John the Evangelist. They watched for some time, but as darkness approached Mary Beirne left to inform her family of what was happening, and soon various neighbors came to the church, even though it was raining. Some of the neighbors discerned an altar with a young lamb on it and a cross in the moving scene, and one boy claimed to see angels over the altar. There was no sound, and none of the figures spoke. The luminous scene continued for several hours, and it was later noted that a farmer a half-mile away had also seen the light at the back of the church.

The experiences of the people who gathered at the church were broadcast around the village and subsequently became the subject of a lengthy investigation by the Archbishop of Tuam, who initially refused to make any statements for or against the event. Two commissions, one soon after the apparition and a second in 1936, concluded that the witnesses were basically trustworthy. Over the years, Knock became a place of pilgrimage, and Irish nationalists adopted the site as part of their struggle for an independent country. They had Our Lady of Knock declared the Queen of Ireland.

Knock took a major upward step as an important pilgrimage site in the last half of the twentieth century. Knock’s parish priest, Monsignor James Horan, led an effort to expand the site and oversaw the building of a new, large church. In 1979 Pope John Paul II gave his blessing to the site with a personal visit.

Horan’s efforts stirred a major controversy when he secured government funds to have an airport built near Knock, seen by many as a boondoggle created to serve pilgrims. The controversy died when the airport became a commercial success. Knock has now become one of the building blocks of Marian theology in the Roman Catholic Church. It is often compared to the apparition at Pontmain, France, which occurred in 1871, as both occurred in the evening with no words being spoken.


Curtayne, Alice. The Story of Knock. New York: Scapular Press, 1956.
McShane, John. Our Lady of Knock. Indianapolis, IN: Brigittine Press, 1948.
Neary, Tom. The Shrine of Our Lady of Knock Guide Book. Knock, Ireland: Custodians of Knock Shrine, 1979.
Smith, William. The Mystery of Knock. New York: The Paulist Press, 1954.
Walsh, Rev. Michael. The Apparition at Knock: A Survey of Facts and Evidence. 2nd ed. Tuam, Ireland: St. Jarlath’s College, 1959.

What does it mean when you dream about knocking?

Hearing a knock in a dream is often the subconscious mind’s way of getting our attention. You are not noticing something important, or there is something within you that you need to heed. If the dreamer is doing the knocking, it represents a desire to get attention.

References in periodicals archive ?
After some still wine is knocked together, one of the top boys at the cellar will blend a load of wines in order to keep a consistent style from year to year.
Originally, the building was two miners' cottages which were knocked together to make a miners' pub.
Every year more than 50,000 people gather for the Red Bull Flugtag to watch man attempt that elusive dream - soaring into the sky on something knocked together in the garden shed or garage.
This is because 165/167 Longwood Gate, Longwood, is an overdwelling and an underdwelling knocked together with an attic conversion.
It's hardly surprising, then, that so many people are now asking for heads to be knocked together.
5 million on two penthouses which they knocked together into one big home.
The court heard that police found two cannabis factories, one in two bedsits, which had been knocked together, in a house in Melville Road, Spon End, Coventry and the other in a stable block in Napton, south Warwickshire.
A BENEFITS dad-of-13 says his 300 koi carp have been killed in revenge after a council knocked together two houses for his family.
Two terraced houses in Gurnall Street were knocked together to create one bigger family home.
Today smaller rooms have been knocked together, although maintaining sufficient partitions and discreet corners to give a semblance at least of allowing some privacy to get on with whatever one feels like doing down at the inn.
In the Middle Ages they were little more than a few timbers knocked together to form a crude seat but by the end of Elizabeth I's reign they were padded and covered in upholstery.

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