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1. the sound of knocking in an engine or bearing
2. Informal (in cricket) an innings or a spell of batting

Knock (Ireland)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In 1879 Knock, a relatively small community in County Mayo, Ireland, became the scene of an apparition of the Virgin Mary that occurred on the evening of August 21, 1879. It began as two women, Mary McLoughlin and Mary Beirne, strolled by a local church in the late afternoon. At the gable end of the building, they saw three luminous figures, one of whom they identified as the Virgin and the others as Joseph and John the Evangelist. They watched for some time, but as darkness approached Mary Beirne left to inform her family of what was happening, and soon various neighbors came to the church, even though it was raining. Some of the neighbors discerned an altar with a young lamb on it and a cross in the moving scene, and one boy claimed to see angels over the altar. There was no sound, and none of the figures spoke. The luminous scene continued for several hours, and it was later noted that a farmer a half-mile away had also seen the light at the back of the church.

The experiences of the people who gathered at the church were broadcast around the village and subsequently became the subject of a lengthy investigation by the Archbishop of Tuam, who initially refused to make any statements for or against the event. Two commissions, one soon after the apparition and a second in 1936, concluded that the witnesses were basically trustworthy. Over the years, Knock became a place of pilgrimage, and Irish nationalists adopted the site as part of their struggle for an independent country. They had Our Lady of Knock declared the Queen of Ireland.

Knock took a major upward step as an important pilgrimage site in the last half of the twentieth century. Knock’s parish priest, Monsignor James Horan, led an effort to expand the site and oversaw the building of a new, large church. In 1979 Pope John Paul II gave his blessing to the site with a personal visit.

Horan’s efforts stirred a major controversy when he secured government funds to have an airport built near Knock, seen by many as a boondoggle created to serve pilgrims. The controversy died when the airport became a commercial success. Knock has now become one of the building blocks of Marian theology in the Roman Catholic Church. It is often compared to the apparition at Pontmain, France, which occurred in 1871, as both occurred in the evening with no words being spoken.


Curtayne, Alice. The Story of Knock. New York: Scapular Press, 1956.
McShane, John. Our Lady of Knock. Indianapolis, IN: Brigittine Press, 1948.
Neary, Tom. The Shrine of Our Lady of Knock Guide Book. Knock, Ireland: Custodians of Knock Shrine, 1979.
Smith, William. The Mystery of Knock. New York: The Paulist Press, 1954.
Walsh, Rev. Michael. The Apparition at Knock: A Survey of Facts and Evidence. 2nd ed. Tuam, Ireland: St. Jarlath’s College, 1959.

What does it mean when you dream about knocking?

Hearing a knock in a dream is often the subconscious mind’s way of getting our attention. You are not noticing something important, or there is something within you that you need to heed. If the dreamer is doing the knocking, it represents a desire to get attention.

References in periodicals archive ?
Demolition Dad tells the story of Jake Biggs' dad George, a wrestler known as Demolition Dad who spends all week knocking down buildings and all weekend knocking down wrestlers.
Fujairah: A 24-year-old Indian employee of a government department died on the spot and four others were injured as a pickup vehicle turned turtle after knocking down a worker standing on a pavement in Dibba Fujairah on Thursday.
If knocking down our places of worship weren't enough, our homes were knocked down and in their place stand towers and student accommodation which are named after people who no-one knows from the area and I am making a stand.
A GIRL of four died after a breeze-block wall her dad was knocking down fell on top of her.
Alan Johnson asked: "Why do they seem to like knocking down houses/flats when there is a housing shortage?
Contractors have started knocking down the derelict Prince Albert pub, off Moor Street and Bromford Lane, West Bromwich Scaffolding has gone up on the front of the former boozer, which dates back to the 1800s, for initial demolition work to take place.
This actually involves knocking down the existing Library building, (and making good the site), knocking down Chamberlain House (and rebuilding it elsewhere), and knocking down The Birmingham Conservatoire (ditto).
WHITEFRIARS Housing Group is being criticised for getting others to foot the bill for knocking down its derelict homes in Coventry.
In all, about 60 firefighters from 10 engine companies, two truck companies and a camp crew fought the flames in 100-plus temperatures, knocking down the fire in about an hour.
Hannon explains that creating a knockout mouse can take well over a year, while knocking down a gene with RNAi takes only a few days.