koilonychia


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koilonychia

[‚kȯil·ō′nik·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Spoon-shaped deformity of the fingernails, which may be familial or associated with a disease, such as iron-deficiency anemia. Also known as spoon nail.
References in periodicals archive ?
Officially called koilonychia, or "spoon nails", it's one of the first things doctors look for when trying to work out if a tired patient is suffering from anaemia.
Officially called koilonychia, it's one of the first things doctors look for when trying to work out if a tired patient is suffering from anaemia.
hair fall, increase in hair, nail changes including leukonychia, koilonychia, ridging, sublingual debris and various vascular and glandular alterations.
* koilonychia (spoon-shaped nails) in iron deficiency
On general examination, patient's palpebral conjunctiva was pale, signifying anemia and the finger nails were spoon shaped (koilonychia).
Other notable signs of anaemia include paleness of skin and mucous membrane Specific features are related to specific causes such as koilonychia in iron deficiency, atrophic glossitis in megaloblastic anaemia [4].
She had no evidence of anemia, jaundice, cyanosis, clubbing, koilonychia, lymphadenopathy, thyroid enlargement, or raised jugular venous pressure.
* Cutaneous manifestations: Slate-gray or ashen coloration, increased pigmentation ('tan') of the skin, atrophy ofthe skin, ichthyosis, koilonychia, loss ofbody hair, increased incidence of malignant melanoma.
Some infant nails will also feature koilonychia. In addition, although most infants remain asymptomatic, some will experience pain from lateral ingrowing of the fingernail as a result of the congenital hypertrophy.
A case-control study of 400 infants in a low-income well-baby clinic found 22 with koilonychia, a prevalence of approximately 5%.
(13,16) Bentley-Phillips and associates found that a group of ballerinas (n = 150) did not present with any cases of koilonychia, a unique form of toenail deformation where the toenail becomes concave due to trauma.