Koine


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Koine

 

(1) Common Greek, which arose in the fourth century B.C. on the basis of the Attic dialect of ancient Greek with elements of the Ionian dialect. In the second half of the first millennium A.D., Koine broke up into a number of dialects which became the basis for the modern dialects of Greek.

(2) The language of communication of a group speaking related languages or dialects. As koine the group can use one of the related dialects or languages, a mixed dialect or language, a standardized literary form based on one or several dialects or languages, or an archaic form common to all the dialects or languages. The formation and concrete form of the koine is determined by the historical, geographic, economic, social, and other conditions of the development of the related dialects or languages.

References in periodicals archive ?
We find that while the Lishi yinjian and Lao Guoyin both represent artificial, highly idealized phonologies, they provide a decidedly authentic picture of the Guanhua of the nineteenth and early twentieth century as conceived by literate Chinese; and we find therein a view of the koine that was the native vernacular of no one but that served as the common supra-regional prestige form of many.
Lui descrive la lingua delle lettere di Stefana Quinzani e Laura Mignani di Brescia corne "una koine piu o meno spiccatamente settentrionale".
La propuesta del espanol americano como resultado de una koine se centra mayormente en los cambios foneticos y fonologicos que surgen en el Nuevo Mundo dentro del ambito heterogeneo de los colonizadores espanoles y sus descendientes criollos.
De la hermeneutica se afirma que es un lenguaje koine cultural, esto es, que es el centro de referencia cultural para los discursos conceptuales de la decada de 1980.
Should we have a translation of Tirano Banderas by a professional translator and connoisseur of Valle-Inclan's writings, it would be most interesting to analyze how the problem of the Latin American Spanish koine were to be faced.
Written in Koine Greek, its title is derived from the first word of the text, apokalypsis, meaning "unveiling" or "revelation".
Among their topics are Lewis Mumford and the quest for a Jewish architecture, architectural histories and national ideologies among the South Slavs, post-colonial nation-building and symbolic structures in South Africa, from nationalist to critical regionalist architecture, and architectural koine and trans-national Spanish architecture.
Vitale explains that the koine was itself a fragmented language, with much internal variation, and tending towards "a literary and Latinizing mixture" (1953, 36) and thus acquired a non-local, unprovincial nature.
Por una parte, en pa/qwmen, que es primera persona del plural de aoristo de subjuntivo activo, Plutarco no subraya la desinencia de primera persona plural propia del dorio,--mej, sino que usa la de la koine,--men.
En primer lugar se trata de poner de relieve la importancia de un idioma y, en concreto, de un dialecto, el comun o koine, en el que se han escrito tantas obras tan fundamentales para nuestra cultura: <<de Plutarco al Nuevo Testamento, de Polibio a los Setenta, de Plotino al autor del Tratado de lo sublime>> (p.
Em alguns paises houve a vitoria de um dialeto no processo de padronizacao da lingua, enquanto em outros houve a conquista de um koine, ou seja, a 'lingua da corte', caracterizada por misturar, na sua formacao, uma serie de dialetos diferentes.
La finalidad, por tanto, de este estudio es iniciar un camino de trabajo aventurando estilisticamente la presencia de Johan Utuvert, procedente de Utrecht, en el reino de Valencia, y ayudar a comprender la koine de influencias y estilos presentes en los retablos valencianos de 1400.