Koine

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Koine

 

(1) Common Greek, which arose in the fourth century B.C. on the basis of the Attic dialect of ancient Greek with elements of the Ionian dialect. In the second half of the first millennium A.D., Koine broke up into a number of dialects which became the basis for the modern dialects of Greek.

(2) The language of communication of a group speaking related languages or dialects. As koine the group can use one of the related dialects or languages, a mixed dialect or language, a standardized literary form based on one or several dialects or languages, or an archaic form common to all the dialects or languages. The formation and concrete form of the koine is determined by the historical, geographic, economic, social, and other conditions of the development of the related dialects or languages.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time, the presence of "regional dialect levelling" (2) (in addition to new town koine formation) could be assessed.
Creating a new town koine: children and language change in Milton Keynes.
Further references in texts of this period throw light on the regional affiliations of the Guanhua koine. For example, from Ricci's diary for the year 1600 we find an account of a journey from Nanking to Peking, during which Ricci was helped in various ways by a friendly court eunuch named Leupusie.
By Ricci's time Peking had been the major political center for approximately one hundred and eighty years, but the phonological basis for the koine had never shifted to Pekingese.
The first explicit textual descriptions of the four-part categorization are found in mid-sixteenth-century rime books and rime tables that describe Mandarin pronunciation and the prestige phonology of the Guanhua koine. Hence this particular conceptualization of the syllable and the solution to representing it arrived at by the Duyin tongyi hui representatives is a further reflection of the deep Mandarin roots of the zhuyin zimu system.
Though they were seeking a language for a new China, the essence of their ideal standard neatly matched the Qing Guanhua koine represented in Li Ruzhen's Lishi yinjian with its flexible pan-dialectal heterogeneity and tolerance for regional variation.
(16) Brown (2013) ha identificato un processo di koineizzazione sulla base di un corpus di lettere mercantili la cui lingua mostra la presenza della koine, insieme a dementi toscani e/o toscanizzati e latineggianti.
Lo spoglio linguistico presentato qui mostra una lingua eterogenea, che esemplifica bene lo sviluppo in corso nella koine settentrionale del tardo Trecento, la quale si apriva sempre di piu aile influenze toscane.
Contrasting second generation speakers with their first generation caregivers, the authors show that the dialectal diversity of the first generation has been superseded in the second by a fairly uniform koine, as defined in terms of phonological features.
In this latter case, to the extent that native immigrant varieties survive, original differences will be maintained, not filtered into a local koine based on the immigrant varieties themselves.
What of the third suggestion, the koine pronunciation theory?