kolkhoz


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Related to kolkhoz: sovkhoz

kolkhoz:

see collective farmcollective farm,
an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with time and place.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Dimitrovi kolhoos 'Dimitrov kolkhoz' (PNA) (Kos) < Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgarian politician, leading figure in the Comintern.
(11) In Uzbekistan endowments and entitlements changed with the formation of the kolkhoz: kulak families who always expected to eat well lost land and livelihood, while the kolkhoz chairman (rais), the tractor driver, and various others gained positions that allowed them to "command food through the legal means available in the society." (12) Some interviewees pointed out that their families had better access to the most desired staple food, namely non (flat bread baked in a clay oven) made from wheat flour, but most described surviving by consuming things they had previously deemed inedible and by leveraging what Sen would call their "exchange entitlements," selling off their personal goods.
Some were confiscated by local authorities, usually the heads of kolkhozes (a cooperative structure of small individual farms in the Soviet Union) and sovkhozes (farms organized by the state on land confiscated from former large estates), quite often for personal use and under false pretenses, with related paperwork falsified to show that the cattle had died due to natural causes (APRK 1947b).
This entailed moving beyond the fragmentation of farms and fostering the formation of kolkhoz and sovkhoz (collective and state farms) as well as agricultural mechanisation.
(42) Therefore, at the end of the 1920s the NEP was liquidated by the efforts of Comrade Stalin ("Lenin's faithful disciple,") by whom all the economic structures were liquidated except the state and the formally independent kolkhoz sector.
We will take as an example the form of the economy in the USSR in 1936, when a constitution was adopted that proclaimed for the country the ultimate victory of "socialism." In fact, there were three basic systems in the "unified socialist economy:" "slaveholding" (the GULAG camps), "feudal" (the kolkhoz system), and "capitalist" (the industrial sector of the economy).
Regarding the institutional system used, here also we can see the resemblance with the soviet one: foundation of collective farms (Agricultural Collective Households or kolkhoz soviet alternative), state farms (Agricultural State Households), Stations for Machineries and Tractors).
There are lots of chairs in this kolkhoz People say: "Some chairs don't know Their obligations, And some do." But among themselves, The chairs gossip like this: The red chair starts proudly, "From the time I came into this world, Until I became a chair, I've gained a lot of power, And respect!
During the early years of Soviet collectivization and dekulakization (1928-1933), Neufeld tried to make a living by farming, but dire economic circumstances forced him to work in a kolkhoz (collective farm) for approximately a year.
The research was performed in sheep breeding farms: the "Vtoraya Pyatiletka" and the "Kolkhoz Lenin", Stavropol Region, the RF.
(74) In 1949, the Committee for Organizations of Cultural Education issued the "Standard Statutes for Kolkhoz Clubs", with Chapter 6 stating the aim of the kolkhoz club, rooms and furnishings, organization of work, funds, auditing of finances, and liquidation:
The Kyrgyz on the other hand were living in kolkhoz or sovkhozes, which collapsed due to the restructuring of the economy and pushed the Kyrgyz to migrate to cities.