On Wollaston Peninsula, Victoria Island, we located the remains of five wooden komatiks: one in the Innirit Hills area on the south coast in 1999 and four along the coast of Prince Albert Sound in 2000 (Fig.
The slats in this and the other komatiks are tapered on each end to about 1/3 to 1/2 of the maximum width.
Otherwise, construction was of the simplest possible form: the runners were simply tapered upward at the front ends, without any further upward extensions, as seen in more elaborate komatiks and toboggans.
And no other direct radiocarbon dates are reported on komatiks in Arctic Canada in the Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database (to 2005), indicating presumably that complete or nearly complete archaeological Neoeskimo komatiks are generally rare, if not unique.
Nevertheless, it is also significant that all of the komatiks found on southwestern Victoria date to Thule and prehistoric Copper Eskimo time.
The five komatiks in archaeological context reported here from the Wollaston Peninsula, southwest Victoria Island, dated from 790-300 BP, are clearly prehistoric Neoeskimo in affiliation, and are the first nearly complete prehistoric komatik "assemblage kits" to be reported in the Canadian Arctic.
Radiocarbon dates on Neoeskimo komatiks, southwestern Victoria Island.
Sleds (komatik in Inuktitut) were traditionally made of wood or whale bone.
Given that locally available driftwood is fairly abundant, all of the komatik wood may have been derived from that source.
The komatik dates are also within the range of dates on caribou and muskox bones from Neoeskimo sites in the region (Le Mouel and Le Mouel, 2002; Savelle et al., 2012).
Each komatik is described below, and dimensions of individual pieces are indicated in Table 2.