krummholz


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krummholz

[′kru̇m‚hōlts]
(ecology)
Stunted alpine forest vegetation. Also known as elfinwood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
To capture the spatial structure of the vegetation community, we estimated cover of vegetation by species (or in some cases by group) within each quadrat in each of the following predefined layers: tree (> 200 cm), shrub (> 25 cm tall), field/herbaceous (< 25 cm), and ground (mosses, lichens, bare ground, water, etc.), as well as by functional type: tree (> 200 cm), krummholz (mature tree < 200 cm), tall shrub (> 100 cm), medium shrub (50 to 100 cm), small shrub (25 to 50 cm), forest herb, and ground shrub (see Hofgaard and Rees, 2008 for details).
The most significant portion of the inheritence was half ownership of the Krummholz farmstead; the other half belonged to the newly-married Joseph Brechtbuhl.
In a manner dynamically similar to stem escape from abrasive boundary layer above the krummholz mat, initial seedling establishment and continued growth is prerequisite to increases in tree density and cover that culminates in new subalpine forest microclimate (Figs.
Although dune areas are marginal habitat for snowshoe hares, the presence of krummholz (tuckamore) spruce and fir adjacent to some dune complexes provides the preferred cover.
The lowest fluxes were predicted in the upper krummholz zone (1450-1730 m).
Key words: expansion, forest-tundra ecotone, krummholz, Picea glauca, structure, species composition, tree island
The subalpine area is characterized by an abundance of willow and scrub birch, as well as some balsam fir (Abies lasiocatpa) and white spruce often in krummholz form, and various grasses, sedges and fescues (Festuca spp.).
I sampled populations from three plant community types: two of the 15 populations were above treeline in the alpine zone, four were in the Krummholz (area of low stunted trees below treeline), and nine were in areas with deciduous trees over 5 m tall.
Most well-drained sites in the northern Quebec forest-tundra are colonized by lichen-heath communities and scattered black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP.), woodlands, and krummholz (stunted spruce).
Structure and Composition of Tree Islands and Krummholz within the Forest-Tundra Ecotone in Central and Eastern Canada.
Spatial variation in tree seedlings and krummholz growth in the forest-tundra ecotone of Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, U.S.A.
In this area large limber pines grow on a rocky slope among standing dead limber pine snags, young living limber pines, krummholz Engelmann spruce [Picea engelmannii (Parry) Engelm.] and young bristlecone pines (Pinus aristata Engelm.).