kwashiorkor


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Related to kwashiorkor: marasmic kwashiorkor

kwashiorkor

(kwăsh'ēôr`kôr), protein deficiency disorder of children. It is prevalent in overpopulated parts of the world where the diet consists mainly of starchy vegetables, particularly in sections of Africa, Central and South America, and S Asia. Such a diet, although adequate in calories, is deficient in certain amino acids, the constituents of proteinsprotein,
any of the group of highly complex organic compounds found in all living cells and comprising the most abundant class of all biological molecules. Protein comprises approximately 50% of cellular dry weight.
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 vital for growth. The nursing infant gets the required amino acids from the mother's milk. But the weaned child, who receives neither milk nor meat, is likely to develop kwashiorkor. The most striking manifestations of the disease are a swollen and severely bloated abdomen, resulting from decreased albumin in the blood, and various skin changes resulting in a reddish discoloration of the hair and skin in black African children. Other symptoms include severe diarrhea, enlarged fatty liver, atrophy of muscles and glands, mental apathy, and generally retarded development. Kwashiorkor is treated by adding proteins to the diet, usually in the form of dried milk.

Kwashiorkor

 

a special type of severe dystrophy that develops in young children with a diet deficient in protein.

Kwashiorkor is found in the tropics and subtropics (Central and South America, Africa, India). It appears most often once the children are weaned and are transferred to a vegetable diet consisting principally of carbohydrates. The development of the condition may be fostered by infection (tuberculosis, malaria, helminthic diseases), difficult living conditions, and a low standard of living. Kwashiorkor leads to a significant retardation of physical development. The skin becomes dry and scaly. It takes on a reddish tint, and cracks and ulcers may appear. The hair becomes lighter in color and falls out easily. There is a loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue and the muscles are atrophic. Dental caries develop. Edema is often observed. There is a loss of appetite and abdominal distention, and vomiting and diarrhea are frequent. Patients become irritable and apathetic. The course of the condition may be complicated by pneumonia and a decrease in the hemoglobin content of the blood.

Treatment of kwashiorkor involves proper diet and vitamin therapy and blood and plasma transfusions. The condition can be prevented by a balanced diet, a raised standard of living, and the improvement of general medical care.

N. D. MIKERINA

kwashiorkor

[¦kwä·shē¦ȯr·kər]
(medicine)
A nutritional deficiency disease in infants and young children, mainly in the tropics, caused primarily by a diet low in proteins and rich in carbohydrates. Also known as nutritional dystrophy.

kwashiorkor

severe malnutrition of infants and young children, esp soon after weaning, resulting from dietary deficiency of protein
References in periodicals archive ?
I had studied kwashiorkor with special interest in medical school because I had a suppressed desire to be a medical missionary someday and help solve a few of the enormous world health problems.
Sera were obtained from 78 children (49 males, 29 females) with PEM (Wellcome classification) including kwashiorkor (n=36), Marasmic kwashiorkor (n=29) and Marasmus (n=13), as well as 33 healthy children (22 males, 11 females) without evidence of PEM.
The results showed Meteitei to have the highest prevalence of 18% for Kwashiorkor, Marasmus and Marasmic Kwashiorkor while Makunga showed the least prevalence of 4%.
Reduction in number of kwashiorkor cases between groups 1 and 2 was significantly related to the reduced incidence of measles (p = 0.
In addition to providing regular and up-to-date records of the number of refugee camps and their respective populations, the provincial secretary also documented the number of hospitals, sick bays, orphanages for refugee children, and patients that attended or were admitted to kwashiorkor clinics.
Researchers recorded matooke as virtually consisting of water and consequently associated it with the high prevalence of kwashiorkor, a form of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM), among the matooke diet-dependent populations (Muranga et al.
In its response the board said it had provided information covering conditions including marasmic kwashiorkor - de-fined by children's rights organisation Unicef as a form of "severe acute malnutrition" - and "unspecified severe protein-energy malnutrition".
There are now credible reports that a significant number of people in the camp are experiencing acute malnutrition, including infants and children who are suffering from diseases including anaemia, rickets and kwashiorkor.
Their bellies stuck out and their blond hair was reddish from kwashiorkor, hunger and lack of protein.
You no say if kwashiorkor newly dey come, the thin be like enjoyment: your jaw go dey big, belle go dey swell up [You that when kwashiorkor begins to freshly manifest, it appears like well-being].