Broadly speaking, erythema and vesicles leaving painful pseudomembrane-covered ulcerations or necrotic mucosa can be found, particularly on the buccal and labial mucosa
as well as the vermilion border (1, 3, 10, 21, 23).
Afterwards, the saliva of the upper labial mucosa
The condition predominantly develops in early childhood and manifests as thick white corrugated plaques involving the buccal and labial mucosa
. Superimposition of candidal infection may occasionally occur.
Dental examination included a systematic examination of regional lymph nodes, lips, labial mucosa
and sulci, buccal mucosa and sulci, commisures, gingivae, tongue, floor of mouth, and hard and soft palate using standard dental lighting in a dental chair.
The VV, or common wart, is classically described as a white, firm, exophytic lesion with a stippled or papillary surface, and is found most commonly on the labial mucosa
and vermilion border of the lips.
Recurrent apthous ulcers (RAU) are painful lesions which may be round or ovoid in shape with defined borders and irregular margins, yellow or grey base covered by fibro membranous layer.4 They can affect both keratinized and non-keratinized mucosa but mostly occurs on lips, soft palate, buccal or labial mucosa
or tongue.5 The apthous ulcers are divided into three types (minor, major, herpetiform) depending upon their sizes.6 Minor ulcers make up more than 80% of all recurrent apthous ulcers.
The labial adhesion was excised, and the labial mucosa
was sutured under local anaesthesia.
Red pigmentation was observed over the upper and lower labial mucosa
[Figure 4], buccal mucosa, palate, and ventral surface of the tongue on the right side [Figure 5].
His chief complaints were itching, desquamation and dryness of both upper and lower labial mucosa
. The past medical history of the patient was irrelevant to the present symptoms.
A biopsy was taken from the oral mucosa (labial mucosa
The most common sites of traumatic fibroma are the tongue, buccal mucosa, and lower labial mucosa
The fraenectomy was performed with an Er,Cr:YSGG laser to remove the labial mucosa
part of the fraenum, to carry out an ostectomy and to section the transeptal fibres as far as the palatal tissue (Fig.