GENITALIA: Female: Dorsal labiate
plate with small sclerotized rings, small medial plates (Fig.
5c, d) Sclerotized rings strongly folded basally, margins narrow, distally compressed; dorsal labiate
plate spiculate distad to sclerotized rings; ventral labiate
plate more broadly spiculate across sclerotized rings; opening of common oviduct moderately sclerotized; inter-ramal sclerites subtriangular, tapered apically, spiculate ventrally along basal margin; inter-ramal lobes obovate, narrowed distally, apex rounded, densely spiculate and strongly sclerotized; medial portion of the inter-ramal sclerite elongate, thickened basally and spiculate, lateral margins sinuate.
Sclerotized process extending from dorsal labiate
plate directed to right, roundly developed.
DIAGNOSIS: Recognized by the generally brownish body, uniformly distributed, tiny spots and simple, pale, erect pubescence on the weakly shining dorsal surface, long, strongly coiled vesica that is noticeably bifurcate apically, and highly asymmetrical structures of the female genitalia (bursa copulatrix with heavily sclerotized projections extending from dorsal labiate
I propose the following putative synapomorphies for Carvalhomiris: large genital capsule with cephalic, lateral margin strongly emarginate; strong brachypterism in both sexes; fight paramere clubbed, with apical margin serrate; vesica with a single, large, C-shaped spicule, with its base nearly reaching the cephalic end of the aedeagus; lateral infoldings of the sclerotized tings on the dorsal labiate
plate with a posteriad acute process; and dorsal labiate
plate with a cuplike depression projecting into the vestibulum.
Fan, A Survey of the Research on Antimicrobial Constituents from Labiates
Seed dispersal and germination behavior of three threatened endemic labiates
Phlox have fairly solid stems but those of lupins, delphiniums and most labiates
become hollow very quickly.
& Doussi M.A.--1995--Ecophysiology of seed germination in endemic Labiates
I still can't tell my labiates
from my nippleworts and I keep mixing up my spermatophytes with my gonococcus.
Antimicrobial activity of essences from labiates
. Microbios., 82(332): 171-2.
have highly aromatic leaves, square stems, paired leaves and are renowned for their culinary and medicinal uses.