examination

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examination

1. Education
a. written exercises, oral questions, or practical tasks, set to test a candidate's knowledge and skill
b. (as modifier): an examination paper
2. Med
a. physical inspection of a patient or parts of his body, in order to verify health or diagnose disease
b. laboratory study of secretory or excretory products, tissue samples, etc., esp in order to diagnose disease
3. Law the formal interrogation of a person on oath, esp of an accused or a witness

Examination

 

(Russian, ekzamen), in the USSR, a comprehensive survey of the knowledge of a student or of a person graduating from or entering an educational institution. Unlike tests (zachety), examinations—both oral and written—are always graded.

After the October Revolution of 1917 the system of examinations that existed in Russia was abolished. The following examinations were made compulsory in the 1930’s: annual promotion examinations in general-education schools, beginning in fourth grade; admission, or entrance, examinations for higher and specialized secondary educational institutions; and semester final and state graduation examinations in higher and specialized secondary educational institutions.

In 1944 graduation examinations were instituted for students of incomplete secondary and secondary schools. According to the Statute on the Secondary General-Education School of 1970, the procedure for administering examinations in secondary general-education schools is determined by the ministries of education (or public education) of the Union republics. Compulsory graduation examinations are given in the eighth and 10th (or 11th) grades. Students who pass them receive a certificate of completion of an eight-year school or a certificate of secondary education. Promotion examinations may be instituted for the fourth through seventh grades and the ninth (or 10th) grade by the ministry of education (or public education) of a Union republic. There may be no more than three such examinations per grade. The certificate of completion of an eight-year school and the certificate of secondary education may also be received through the system of extramural education.

In higher and specialized secondary educational institutions, the time and procedure for administering competitive entrance examinations, semester finals, and state graduation examinations are determined by the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the USSR according to the type of school. Students who have passed all tests are permitted to take the semester final examinations, and students who have passed all the semester finals may take the graduation examinations.

At many institutions of higher learning and at many technicums, defense of a diploma project or diploma thesis replaces state examinations in special disciplines. Vocational-technical schools and vocational courses give qualifying examinations for certain ratings, or ranks, in various lines of work. In addition to qualifying examinations, secondary vocational-technical schools also give graduation examinations in general-education subjects.

REFERENCE

Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR: Obshcheobrazovatel’naia shkola: Sb.dokumentov 1917–1973. Moscow, 1974. Pages 161–64, 170–72, 228–35,420–36.

F. I. PUZYREV

What does it mean when you dream about an examination?

Dreaming about taking a test could indicate that the dreamer has a fear of failure. Alternatively, such a dream could indicate that a specific issue of great importance to the dreamer reminds them of being in school. “Passing the test” can also be a metaphor for successfully concluding any number of different activities.

References in periodicals archive ?
Laboratory examination showed a leukocyte count of 6.8 x [10.sup.3]/[micro]l and a serum CRP level of 1.1 mg/dl.
The cumulative final examination was administered 1 week after completion of the second laboratory examination, with Scantron forms used to record answers.
He said that in order to ensure clean drinking water not only new filtration plants were being installed but water samples from the existing water filtration plants are collected on regular basis for laboratory examination.
The suspects were brought to the EPD crime laboratory for drug testing and the recovered evidence for laboratory examination.
Apart from inspecting your throat to specifically see whether your tonsils are enlarged or not, the doctor may also take a swap of your throat for Laboratory examination. The outcome of the examination will determine your ultimate treatment.
In laboratory examination, FBG was 101 mg/dL, HbA1c was 8.6%, B12 was 176 pg/mL (197-866), hypophyseal hormones were normal.
All Shin-Line LLC dairy company's ice-creams in warehouses were taken away, their laboratory examination is underway, said chief doctor of the Center for Disease Prevention Sultan Abdykadyrov on April 2.
According to the statement, a preliminary laboratory examination of the suspicious yellow powder revealed no signs of anthrax or substances that cause the plague, tularemia, ricin or food poisoning were found.
Sessions 1 and 2 consisted of formal lectures on vocabulary materials; Sessions 3 and 4 consisted of individual programmed learning exercises; Sessions 5 and 6 consisted of small-group learning activities followed by an overall review of materials; Session 7 consisted of the presentation of a 50-item laboratory examination. The sequence described above was employed to approximate the pedagogical procedures, time course, and classroom activities used in our prior studies of the effects of feedback on classroom learning (Dihoff, Brosvic, & Epstein, 2003, 2004).
Laboratory examination showed hypergammaglobulinemia (2.2 g/dL).
This case demonstrates the potential forensic value of soil when investigators properly collect, preserve, and package evidence before forwarding it for laboratory examination. Sometimes, attempts to exploit the forensic benefit of soil analysis meet with limited success, due to improper evidence collection and documentation.
Laboratory examination revealed violation of wastewater release without the relevant permits.

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