Neuroptera

(redirected from lacewing)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to lacewing: brown lacewing

Neuroptera

[nu̇′räp·tə·rə]
(invertebrate zoology)
An order of delicate insects having endopterygote development, chewing mouthparts, and soft bodies.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neuroptera

 

(also Planipennia), an order of predatory insects having complete metamorphosis. The body length is 2–20 mm, and the wingspread reaches 120 mm. The mouthparts are formed for chewing. There are two pairs of almost identical transparent and reticulate wings. In larvae the mouthparts are formed for piercing and sucking: the sickle-shaped mandibles have a furrow, and the maxillae serve to pierce the prey and suck its blood. Digestion is external.

There are about 4,500 species, distributed principally in the tropics. Insemination with spermatophores is characteristic. Neuropterans develop in soil (families Dilaridae and Itonidae); on plants (Hemorobiidae and Chrysopidae); in colonies of ticks, coccids, and whiteflies (Coniopterygidae); in water near the shore (Osmylidae); or in the cavities of freshwater sponges (Sisyridae). The larvae of neuropterans with prehensile legs (Mantispidae) develop in the egg cocoons of spiders. Tropical species of the family Nemopteridae have greatly elongated hind wings; the larvae have a very long mesothorax. Large species of the family Ascalaphidae are found principally in the tropics (in the USSR, only in the south). They catch their prey in flight, and the larvae live on the soil surface. The larvae of Myrme-leontidae dig funnels in the sand, where they lie in wait for prey. Neuropterans are known from the Permian. Many species are beneficial, because they destroy orchard and forest pests.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Traité de zoologie, vol. 10, fasc. 1. Edited by P.-P. Grasse. Paris, 1951.

M. S. GILIAROV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
lacewing LI, which showed the largest reduction in IGP when 2x prey had been introduced in the system, the interaction was unidirectional (lacewing eating coccinellid) and IGP level decreased rapidly with increasing prey density ([[Chi].sup.2] = 77.3, df = 6, P [less than] 0.0001; [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 5A OMITTED]), whereas it remained constant and maximum (100%) for the lacewing LIII vs.
Nontarget effect of entomopathogenic nematodes on larvae of two spotted lady beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and green lacewing (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) under laboratory conditions.
The green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea: Preference between lettuce aphids, Nasonovia ribisnigri, and western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis.
Unlike the plank-like structure of other silks from spiders or silkworms, lacewing silk contains two fibrous proteins structured like a concertina door, giving it extra toughness and elasticity.
His work with Sterling entomologist Qing-He Zhang revealed that the same compound attracts three other lacewing species in the Pacific Northwest and Asia.
"To use them economically means using them in an anticipatory or proactive way, so that if you know you've got leafhoppers or mealybugs that show up mid-season, as soon as you see aphids on the cover crop, you release some lacewing and get a new generation of lacewings every month.
Functional response of different larval instars of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), to the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae).
Life history and feeding behaviour of green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).
Butterflies, bees and lacewing are all experts at keeping bugs off your plants
Lizzy didn't look much like an adult lacewing when she hatched.