lacquer


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Related to lacquer: Japanese Lacquer

lacquer,

solution of film-forming materials, natural or synthetic, usually applied as an ornamental or protective coating. Quick-drying synthetic lacquers are used to coat automobiles, furniture, textiles, paper, and metalware. The lacquer formula may be varied to impart durability, hardness, gloss, or imperviousness to water. Nitrocellulose (pyroxylin) lacquers are the most widely employed. Slower-drying natural lacquers contain oleoresins obtained from the juice of trees, especially of Rhus vernicifera, a sumac of SE Asia. Lacquer work was one of the earliest industrial arts of Asia. It was highly developed in India; the Chinese inlaid lacquer work with ivory, jade, coral, or abalone and were unrivaled in making articles carved from it. The art spread to Korea, then to Japan, where it took new forms, notably gold lacquer work. Fine Asian ware may have more than 40 coats, each being dried and smoothed with a whetstone before application of the next. The ware may be decorated in color, gold, or silver and enhanced by modeled reliefs, engraving, or carving. Buddhist monasteries encouraged the art and now preserve some of the oldest pieces extant; in the temple of Horyu-ji, near Nara, Japan, is a Chinese-made sword scabbard of the 8th cent. Notable lacquer artists include Ogata KorinOgata Korin
, 1658–1716, Japanese decorator and painter. He is renowned for his lacquer work and paintings on screens, decorated with bold designs and striking color contrasts, and his masterful compositional use of empty space.
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 (17th cent.) and Shibata Yeshin (19th cent.). In the 17th cent., Western European imitations were popularized as japanningjapanning
, method of varnishing a surface, such as wood, metal, or glass, to obtain a durable, lustrous finish. The term is derived from a process popular in England, France, the Netherlands, and Spain in the 17th cent.
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 and carried to great perfection in France in the vernis Martin developed by the Martin brothers under Louis XV. Commercial production of lacquer work in the 19th cent. resulted in a decline in quality.

Bibliography

See Lacquer: An International History and Illustrated Survey (1984).

lacquer

[′lak·ər]
(materials)
A material which contains a substantial quantity of a cellulose derivative, most commonly nitrocellulose but sometimes a cellulose ester, such as cellulose acetate or cellulose butyrate, or a cellulose ether such as ethyl cellulose; used to give a glossy finish, especially on brass and other bright metals.

Chinese lacquer, Japanese lacquer, lacquer

A hard-wearing varnish drawn from natural sources, as from the Japanese varnish tree.

lacquer

Any glossy enamel which dries quickly by evaporation of the volatile solvents and diluents. Also see Chinese lacquer.

lacquer

1. a hard glossy coating made by dissolving cellulose derivatives or natural resins in a volatile solvent
2. a black resinous substance, obtained from certain trees, used to give a hard glossy finish to wooden furniture
3. lacquer tree an E Asian anacardiaceous tree, Rhus verniciflua, whose stem yields a toxic exudation from which black lacquer is obtained
4. Art decorative objects coated with such lacquer, often inlaid
References in periodicals archive ?
First and second week will focus on lacquer art, whereas during third and fourth week, children will be provided hands on training in traditional block painting.
Recalling her family history, Sok's daughter-in-law Sokunthea tells The Post: 'This lacquer art business has a long history in my family.
Should you be collecting cinnabar lacquer? Well, beauty is in the eye of the beholder, but it is truly magical stuff and for sheer numbers of dragons, it puts Game of Thrones to shame.
Photo: Christie's Images A Chinese cinnabar lacquer table screen carved with a scene of the Eight Immortals in a rocky landscape, with Shoulao seated behind them under a pine tree.
Artistic Colour Revolution Reactive Nail Lacquer Running In The Buffalo, PS4.95, NAILPOLISHDIRECT.
Six articles on the production, distribution, and appreciation of East Asian lacquer ware comprise the first volume in a series produced by the European Association for Asian Art and Archaeology.
The use of lacquer in Japan can be traced back to the first millennium BC, the mid to late Jomon period.
As part of the 2018 Nantou International Craft Festival, Nantou Craft Exhibition is being held at the Cultural Bureau of Nantou County in Central Taiwan between July 7 and August 1, featuring a wide range of crafts spanning more than 300 pieces of ceramics, bamboo works, lacquer wares, aboriginal art, stone sculptures, and textile arts.
However, simple bleeding associated with lacquer cracks is generally thought to display blocked fluorescence.
The product of the finest Montblanc craftsmanship, the elaborate Great Characters, The Beatles Limited Edition 88 features a solid gold skeletonized cap and barrel with several metal inlays adorned with lacquer. A feat of technical virtuosity, numerous intricate details can be seen on the surface of the overlay, with many inlays worked separately with filigree details before being assembled to create the skeleton.
What you won't find is a piece of lacquer like this extraordinary 600-year-old and extremely large dish.
For a more modern and minimal aesthetic, lacquer is becoming a go-to finish in home design.