lacrimal apparatus


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Related to lacrimal apparatus: Lacus lacrimalis

lacrimal apparatus

[′lak·rə·məl ‚ap·ə′rad·əs]
(anatomy)
The functional and structural mechanisms for secreting and draining tears; includes the lacrimal gland, lake, puncta, canaliculi, sac, and nasolacrimal duct.
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Common congenital abnormalities of the eyes were, cataract in 116(22.6%) cases, lacrimal apparatus anomalies in 103(20%), ptosis in 45(8.8%), pigmentary retinal degeneration in 35(6.8%), microopthalmos/ anopthalmos in 26(5%), optic atrophy in 23(4.5%) followed by other abnormalities (Table-2).
Patency tests were done in all patients to know the level of blockage of lacrimal apparatus. The post saccal block was assessed by ophthalmologists with probing and syringing and by otolaryngologist by diagnostic nasal endoscopy to rule out any anatomical abnormality and concomitant sinonasal pathology.
We describe a case of iatrogenic dacryocystitis that occurred secondary to the presence of an impacted piece of a metallic dilator in the lacrimal apparatus. The foreign body was detected on dacryocystography and removed during dacryocystorhinostomy.
Patients were examined with particular interest to the lacrimal apparatus and eyelid diseases.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the causes of failed endonasal DCR, and revise the surgery to improve the drainage of lacrimal apparatus. The authors agree with the opinion of R.A.