Loitsyanskiy, Laminar Boundary Layer
[in Russian], Fizmatgiz, Moscow, Russia, 1962.
Blasius equation describes the viscous flow in a laminar boundary layer
over a flat plate.
9 and 10 illustrate, respectively, the obtained profiles of non-dimensional temperature and vertical velocity, for three different cooling temperature cases, along with the semi-analytical solution of LNCIVP problem, for the corresponding Prandtl number of the air.As it can be seen, the resulting non-dimensional temperature and vertical velocity profiles exhibit clearly a laminar boundary layer
behavior, again confirming the proposed numerical approach.
Consider a steady of two-dimensional laminar boundary layer
flow of an electrically conducting viscous incompressible dusty fluid over a semi-infinite surface.
Further, the flow in the laminar boundary layer
is two-dimensional ,
To reduce friction, a laminar boundary layer
must be maintained as large as possible over the wetted surface.
Rana and Bhargava  illustrated the steady, laminar boundary layer
flow due to the nonlinear stretching of a flat surface in a nanofluid.
The most distinctive works of Vajravelu and Hadjinicolaou  and Mehmood and Ali  are available in the literature describing the heat transfer characteristics in the laminar boundary layer
of a viscous fluid over a linearly stretching continuous surface with variable wall temperature and the incompressible generalized three-dimensional viscous flow with heat transfer analysis in the presence of viscous dissipation generated due to uniform stretching of the plane wall, respectively.
Even for the case of a laminar flow, the exact solution of equations describing the laminar boundary layer
is very difficult to calculate and only few simple problems can straightforward be analysed [1,3].
Kimmel, "Laminar boundary layer
stability experiments on a cone at Mach 8.
Boyd, "Momentum and heat transfer in a laminar boundary layer
with slip flow," Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, vol.
Configuration B pushes like a hand that is significantly wider than four fingers stuck together because the spacing is approximately the same as the thickness of the laminar boundary layer
that surrounds each finger.