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primitive weapon consisting of a wooden shaft tipped with a sharp point, usually 8 to 9 ft (2.4–2.7 m) in length. The point may be carved from the shaft and hardened in a fire, or made from another material; the oldest non-wood spear tips were of flint, later of
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a thrusting weapon with which infantry and cavalry were armed from very ancient times. It is a variation of the spear. The lance is 3 m 30 cm long, with a tip that is 12 cm long.
Lances continued to be used in the infantry until the early 18th century. Most countries had lance cavalry units until World War I, and in a number of countries they lasted until the 1930’s. The Soviet Cavalry was armed with lances until 1931.