language games


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language games

the conception of LANGUAGE as akin to an assemblage of different ‘games’, like chess, football, children's play and so forth, each governed by a different set of‘rules’ and located in a different FORM or LIFE, and with only very general ‘family resemblances’ in common (WITTGENSTEIN, 1953). According to Wittgenstein, we cannot generalize usefully about language, but must simply notice that language use follows from the rules and practices which operate in particular kinds of use (e.g. jokes, greetings, story telling, as well as science and philosophy) and particular social contexts. As with many games, a further feature of languages viewed as rule-following activities, is that, while rules are followed, they are never followed slavishly but always interpreted. This is a further dimension of the apparently ‘relativistic’ and inherently non-universalizing character of language as portrayed in Wittgenstein's 'S econd’ philosophy variously interpreted by later philosophers and sociologists. See also RULES AND RULE-FOLLOWING, INCOMMENSURABILITY, KUHN, FEYERABEND.
References in periodicals archive ?
Their topics include the rule of the game (the moment of truth), human life and self-consciousness: the idea of our form of life in Hegel and Wittgenstein, our life with truth, language games and the forms of life in mathematics, and Wittgenstein: ordinary language as lifeform.
Employing theoretical concepts of language games and intertexuality, Hoem puts language at the centre of an analysis of a local conflict as it unfolds over time in an atoll society in the Pacific.
Ursula has also continued playing with language games in her series 'Coco Carlomagno (and Alberta)', puzzle-story books about a pair of guinea pig detectives, illustrated by Terry Denton.
It is signified by several characteristics covering: signs transformation, immanent principle, distinction, language games at the level of parole, simulation, and discontinuity (See Yasraf Amir Piliang, 2010: 50-52).
In this sense, Wittgenstein would ask us to examine carefully the language games being played in this situation, inevitably, perhaps, leading us to a consideration of the legacy of Freud and psychoanalysis.
He plays language games. As president-elect, for instance, he vowed not to conduct interviews until the end of his term.
They are integrated and embourgeoised in the racial-class dialectic of Black America by the material and ideological influences of the Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism as promulgated throughout the diaspora by two social class language games of the Black American community, for example the Black underclass/Hip-Hop culture, speaking for and representing Black youth practical consciousness; and Black American charismatic liberal/conservative bourgeois Protestant preachers like TD Jakes, Creflo Dollar, etc., speaking for and representing the Black bourgeois (educated) professional and working classes.
Communication through language games is widely used and becomes a successfully implemented modelling method for grounding the language in cognitive agents and robots.
There are poems that involve language games. Lyrical notes from travels around the world alternate with episodes from family history in his native Estonia that often appear in fragments of dreams, especially as the poet recalls his late parents.
Children can enjoy making sand sculptures on the beach from 3-5pm each day of the festival, and prizes will be awarded to the five winning sculptures, besides language games, where a group of children will join in to arrange various letters and pictures.

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