language theory

language theory

[′laŋ·gwij ‚thē·ə·rē]
(mathematics)
A branch of automata theory which attempts to formulate the grammar of a language in mathematical terms; it has been applied to automatic language translation and to the construction of higher-level programming languages and systems such as the propositional calculus, nerve networks, sequential machines, and programming schemes.
References in periodicals archive ?
He accordingly surveys a range of policies adopted by the Republican regime in pursuit of its top-down nation-building project, followed by generic discussions of the (in)famous Turkish Historical Thesis and Sun Language Theory.
Perreiah focuses on four areas of language theory, namely, meaning (significatio), reference (suppositio), inference (consequential) and proof (probatio), as these elements facilitate how we are to understand how humanism and scholasticism actually worked toward a common goal: finding, developing and sustaining the perfect language (ix).
A Mirror of Rabbinic Hermeneutics: Studies in Religion, Magic and Language Theory in Ancient Judaism
Objective: Finite automata are fundamental objects in Computer Science, of great importance on one hand for theoretical aspects (formal language theory, decidability, complexity) and on the other for practical applications (parsing).
This reviewer suspects a mixture of the unfortunate influence of language theory, which challenges the possibility of communication, a degree of solipsism reinforced by certain realities of poetry's place in American culture, and an overemphasis on "self" The fact is that the long poem in this book, "The Charter of Effects," comprised of fifteen sections and supposedly the centerpiece of the collection, induces more headache than marvel.
Kemalism, the driving ideology of the new nation, tried to overcome these inherent contradictions with odd claims such as the Turkish History Thesis (which claimed that all civiliations were founded by Turks who migrated from Central Asia) and the Sun Language Theory (which claimed that all languages originated from Turkish).
If in language theory the notion of "norm" is now operational in particular due to Eugen Coserius 1952 Sistema, norma y habla, which defines, in the spirit of Louis Hjelmslev's conception, what is stable in speech by following previous models (Coseriu 1952), in connection with speech this notion is not yet visible and clear, although it goes without saying that this too is done in view of rules and the discursive diversification that occurs by updating differentiated norms.
His work has influenced fields such as political science, programming language theory and psychology.
What I hope to show is that the dialogic and geological levels of the poem are intimately interrelated and that Maud's dialogism is the product of a subtle extrapolation of contemporary geological science across the fields of language theory, an extrapolation that profoundly disrupts conventional mid-nineteenth-century perceptions of language as Adamic and teleological.
The key to these results are the corresponding algorithms for the cycle rank of digraphs mentioned above; also the above mentioned bounds carry over to this application in formal language theory.
Part 2 traces a "paradigm change" in Habermas's work from the philosophy of consciousness to language theory, and examines the consequences for theology of his decision "to tie reflexivity to language" (40).
The Chomsky hierarchy which drives computational languages came from Noam Chomsky, a linguist at the MIT in the USA who formalized the language theory in 1956 (Wikipedia, 2012).

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